Large format and in color: a fascinating insight into the medicine of the 16th century with 71 realistic anatomical representations of the human body

Anatomia depicta

Italy — 1565-1589

Anatomia depicta

Anatomia depicta

Italy — 1565-1589

  1. This testimonial to the development of medicine during the 16th century was composed by Filippo Cavriani

  2. Filippo Cavriani was a doctor who was active in France and Tuscany during the second half of the 16th century

  3. The historic treasure was discovered in the mid-18th century in the collection of Giovanni Giraldi (1504-73)

Anatomia depicta

Anatomia depicta

Study of the Foot

A human foot – a left foot to be exact – is shown with the skin entirely removed so that the musculature, tendons, and ligaments of the foot can be detailed. The tibia, the larger of the bones of the lower leg, is also shown coming down and joining with the metatarsals, the bones of the foot. Interestingly, the large toe is shown relaxed and extended, while the rest of the toes are curled as though the person they belong to were trying to gain some traction or regain balance.

Anatomia depicta

Nuove Accessioni 329 (Grandi Formati 64) Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Imageof
Price Category: €€€€
Edition available
Price: Login here!
  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

This impressive testimonial to the development of medicine during the 16th century is stored in the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze: a codex of 292 pages in the considerable format of 56.3 x 42.3 cm, composed by the doctor Filippo Cavriani in the second half of the 16th century.

Anatomia depicta

Originally from Mantua, Filippo Cavrani was a doctor who was active in France and Tuscany during the second half of the 16th century. Furthermore, Cavriani also operated at the court of Caterina de’ Medici in Paris. As a gifted doctor, he recorded this grandiose testimony to his enthusiasm for his profession in the years 1565 to 1589: a comprehensive anatomical overview with detailed depictions of the body’s operating principles.

Medical Observations in Artistic Depictions

The manuscript consists of 71 anatomical tables. In doing so, one always finds an anatomical depiction with descriptions in French and Italian on the right page, and a corresponding descriptive and clarifying text on the verso. The large-format depictions are gorgeously water-colored and are consequently worth a closer look not only from a scientific perspective. The human body is presented here in anatomical depictions, which are so wonderfully drawn with various colors and great artistic ability that the depictions radiate a special aesthetic.

An Important Codex for the History of Medicine

The codex is an impressive testimonial of its time: the hierarchical supremacy of doctors over surgeons was overturned in the course of the 16th century. In the manuscript, the connection between anatomical and pathological structures are depicted inter alia. In impressive realism, individual tables show e.g. the connections between the individual organs, the course of the blood vessels in the human body, the heart, or the esophagus. The doctor and librarian Giovanni Targioni discovered the historic treasure around the middle of the 18th century in the collection of Giovanni Giraldi, a member of one of the famous Florentine families with a significant library.

Codicology

Size / Format
292 pages / 56.3 x 42.3 cm
Origin
Italy
Date
1565-1589
Language
Illustrations
71 full-page anatomical plates
Artist / School
Previous Owners
Anatomia depicta

Anatomia depicta

Interior View of the Abdomen

The organs of the digestive tract are displayed in this magnificent watercolor, which also depicts the manner in which a cadaver was opened up for study and instruction to the audience of the operating theater. Differences in color between the organs have been somewhat exaggerated in order to make them distinguishable from one another.

What is perhaps more impressive than the depiction of this deceased man’s innards is the idealistic form of his outer appearance. It is a muscular physique with a well-developed chest, arms and shoulders. This musculature is emphasized with subtle shading that indicates a light source, likely a window, to the left of the specimen depicted here. Art and science are magnificently united in this fine miniature.

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Anatomia depicta“

Anatomia depicta
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Anatomia depicta – Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (Florence, Italy)
Imageof

Anatomia depicta

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana - Treccani – Rome, 2010
Limited Edition
199 copies
Binding
Dark olive green leather
Commentary
1 volume by Carlo Maria Ossola
Language: Italien
Price Category: €€€€
Edition available
Price: Login here!
  1. Matching Works
  2. Matching Background Articles

Matching Works

Tacuinum Sanitatis - Codex Paris

Tacuinum Sanitatis - Codex Paris

Originating from the Rhineland: the work of the famous doctor Ibn Butlan with beautiful miniatures on each page in Latin and German

Experience More
Artzney Book of Christoph Wirsung

Artzney Book of Christoph Wirsung

Splendidly bound and presented to the prince-electors of the Palatinate in 1571: the invaluable work of the gifted doctor and pharmacist Christoph Wirsung

Experience More

Matching Background Articles

Publisher