Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy

Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy Facsimile Edition

Naples (Italy) — 1350

Created in Naples, furnished with no less than 146 miniatures of the Divine Comedy: one of the oldest and most important manuscripts of the Dante tradition

  1. Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) is a giant of world literature with a discernible influence on successive generations

  2. This manuscript originated in Naples ca. 1350 with 146 mid-sized miniatures by a Florentine artist

  3. It was likely commissioned by a member of the Poderco or Polderico family, whose coat-of-arms appears on the first page

Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy

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  1. Description
  2. Detail Picture
  3. Single Page
  4. Facsimile Editions (2)
Description
Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy

This is one of the oldest surviving specimens of the magnum opus by Dante Alighieri, originating from Naples ca. 1350. It is a richly-illuminated luxury manuscript of the Divine Comedy produced for a wealthy patron by a Florentine artist. 146 mid-sized miniatures help the reader to figuratively interpret events.

Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy

The most important southern Italian manuscript of the famous Divina Commedia by Dante Alighieri (1265–1321), a giant of both Italian and world literature. Originating in the early Trecento and completed in the year 1321, the Divine Comedy is of exceptional significance for Italian literary history. Together with the Roman poet Virgil (70–29 BC), he traverses Hell, ascends the mountain of Purgatory, and finally enters Paradise. During this excursion, he meets approximately 600 souls from mythology, poetry, and history, who have to endure various punishments in Hell or dwell in Heaven, each in accordance with their own deeds. The tale enjoyed an extensive reception and has influenced men of letters, artists, and other creative types up to today.

A Neapolitan Dante Manuscript

The Codex Filippino is stored under the shelf mark MS. CF 2 16 and is named after its repository, the Biblioteca Oratoriana dei Girolamini of Naples, also known as the “Filippini” after the founder of the Congregation of the Oratory – Filippo Romolo Neri (1515–1595). It originated in Naples ca. 1350, making it one of the oldest Dante manuscripts, and is adorned with 146 mid-sized miniatures by a Florentine artist that help the reader to figuratively interpret events. Thick sets of marginal notes from several hands also append the manuscript. It was originally created as a luxury manuscript, possibly for the Poderco or Polderico family, whose coat-of-arms appears in the lower part of the frieze that frames the first page of the codex.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Göttliche Komödie - Codex Filippino
Dante Girolamini
Size / Format
490 pages / 28.0 x 19.5 cm
Origin
Italy
Date
1350
Language
Illustrations
146 miniatures

Available facsimile editions:
Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy  – MS. CF 2 16 – Biblioteca Oratoriana dei Girolamini (Naples, Italy) Facsimile Edition
Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana - Treccani – Rome, 2021
Limited Edition: 999 copies

Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy  – MS. CF 2 16 – Biblioteca Oratoriana dei Girolamini (Naples, Italy) Facsimile Edition
Salerno Editrice – Rome, 2001
Limited Edition: 699 copies (55 in Roman numerals)
Detail Picture

Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy

Dante and Virgil Meet Bertran de Born

In Canto XXXVIII of the Inferno, Dante and Virgil meet various Sowers of Discord in the eight circle of Hell, the last of whom is a knight carrying his own severed head by the hair and swings it like a lantern. He is identified as Bertrand de Born (1140–1215), a French baron accused of fomenting rebellion against King Henry II of England, who ruled over large swathes of France, by his son Henry the Young King. For having divided a father from his son, Bertrand has his head severed from his body.

Il Dante svelato dei Girolamini
Single Page

Codex Filippino of the Divine Comedy

Diagram of the Mountain of Purgatory

According to Dante, Purgatory is a mountain that is the only landmass in the Southern Hemisphere and is on the opposite side of the world from Jerusalem. After climbing through a narrow chasm to escape from Hell, the two poets emerge at the base of the Mountain of Purgatory on the morning of Easter Sunday. This red and black pen drawing illustrates the climb they must make.

The bottom two levels below the entrance to Purgatory proper, depicted as a fortified gate, are the Ante-Purgatory, which house the excommunicated and the late-repentant who still cling to earthly life. They are followed by the seven terraces of Purgatory, which are associated with the seven deadly sins (in order): Pride, Envy, Wrath, Sloth, Greed , Gluttony, and Lust.

Il Dante svelato dei Girolamini
Facsimile Editions

#1 Il Dante svelato dei Girolamini

Limited Edition: 999 copies
Binding: Elegant slipcase
Commentary: 1 volume by Andrea Mazzucchi and Alessandra Perriccioli Saggese
Language: Italian
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Partial reproduction of the original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The pages are represented on a larger white background. The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: €€€ (3,000€ - 7,000€)
Edition available
Price: Log in here!

#2 Il Codice Filippino della Commedia di Dante Alighieri

Salerno Editrice – Rome, 2001
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