Virgil’s works are brought to life through the artistry of the famous Italian Quattrocento masters Guglielmo Giraldi and Giorgio d'Alemagna

Vergilius Publius Maro: Aeneid, Bucolicon, Georgicon, Appendix

Ferrara (Italy) — 1458–1459

Vergilius Publius Maro: Aeneid, Bucolicon, Georgicon, Appendix

Vergilius Publius Maro: Aeneid, Bucolicon, Georgicon, Appendix

Ferrara (Italy) — 1458–1459

  1. Publius Vergilius Maro (70-19 BC) is considered to be one of ancient Rome’s greatest poets

  2. His three most famous works are appended by poems Virgil supposedly wrote in his youth

  3. This gorgeous Virgil manuscript originated between 1458 and 1459 in Ferrara

Vergilius Publius Maro: Aeneid, Bucolicon, Georgicon, Appendix

Alternative Titles:
  • Virgilio. Eneide, Bucoliche, Georgiche, Appendix Vergiliana
Virgilio. Bucoliche, Georgiche, Eneide, Appendix Vergiliana
Imageof
  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

The 1st century author Publius Virgilius Maro, better known as Virgil today, was arguably the most important and famous author of literature in the ancient world. His texts have outlasted the centuries and are counted today among the most influential poetry to have ever been written. His three primary works in particular, the Bucolics, the Georgics, and the Aeneid, are of immeasurable significance for world literature and the Appendix Vergiliana contains poems supposedly written by Virgil in his youth. This gorgeous manuscript was made in Ferrara by the Italian master illuminators Guglielmo Giraldi and Giorgio d'Alemagna between 1458 and 1459 and is illustrated by miniatures, historiated initials, and beautiful floral flames.

Vergilius Publius Maro: Aeneid, Bucolicon, Georgicon, Appendix

The three primary works of the great ancient poet Virgil – namely the Bucolics, Georgics, and the Aeneid – are counted among the most important documents in the history of world literature. The masterful tales revolutionized Latin poetry and shortly after Virgil’s death were already repeatedly transcribed, published, commented on, and reworked. This fine specimen from the Bibliothèque Nationale de France originated from the workshop of Guglielmo Giraldi (ca. 1423 – after 1469) and Giorgio d'Alemagna (ca. 1410/20-1479) in Ferrara between 1458 and 1459 and is adorned with masterful miniatures, initials, and floral borders in the style of the Quattrocento. The work was originally commissioned by Leonardo Sanuto, a Venetian patrician residing in Ferrara at that time.

Classical Latin Bestsellers

The three great works of Virgil are known by the titles Bucolics – the title translates to ‘pastoral poem’ – combining ten eclogues, the Georgics – a didactic poem consisting of four books concerning agriculture and animal husbandry, and the Aeneid epic that is divided into twelve books. The poetic writings were already unified into a Corpus in antiquity. In late antiquity, it was continuously annotated, primarily for use in schools, and was furnished with a comprehensive Vita, primers, and other complementary texts from the most varied of origins. Simultaneously, extremely luxurious editions of the work came to be, in which Virgil’s text was commented on with illustrative pictures.

The Appendix Vergiliana

Juvenilia are works produced by an author during their youth, which, if published at all, usually appears as a retrospective publication after the author has become well known for later works. Virgil’s juvenilia are referred to as the Appendix Vergiliana and consist of a collection of poems that, in its present form, was assembled in Late Antiquity. Although considered to be Virgil’s works during antiquity, modern scholars have deduced that only a couple are actual works by Virgil while the rest are by other authors of the 1st century. Some of the poems may have been attempts by other authors to pass works off under Virgil's name as pseudepigrapha while others may have been mistakenly included in the collection at a later time. Nonetheless, they are fascinating works from the Golden Age of Latin Literature that continue to be studied and debated by scholars to this day.

Antiquity Meets the Renaissance

Thanks to the patronage of the wealthy and sophisticated House of Este, Ferrara grew into a center of manuscript production – humanistic works and transcriptions of rediscovered manuscripts from antiquity in particular. Aside from illustrating the events, the miniatures created by Guglielmo Giraldi and Giorgio d'Alemagna include scenes medieval farmers’ labors and daily life, people in contemporary clothing, but also depictions of soldiers wearing classically styled armor that had also come back into vogue during the 15th century. Some of these miniatures are part of elaborate historiated initials with letters made from dragons, lions, and fish. The figures have the soft, fairytale like quality of the International Gothic style but already possess the naturalism of Renaissance art. A delicate color palette dominated by pinks, blues, greens, and plenty of gold leaf rounds out the presentation of this extraordinarily fine manuscripts.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Virgilio. Eneide, Bucoliche, Georgiche, Appendix Vergiliana
Size / Format
231 pages / 26.0 × 16.9 cm
Date
1458–1459
Language
Content
Virgil: Bucolica, Georgica, Aeneis, Appendix Vergiliana
Artist / School
Previous Owners

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Vergilius Publius Maro: Aeneid, Bucolicon, Georgicon, Appendix “

Virgilio. Bucoliche, Georgiche, Eneide, Appendix Vergiliana
Imageof

Virgilio. Bucoliche, Georgiche, Eneide, Appendix Vergiliana

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana - Treccani – Rome, 2017
Limited Edition
499 copies
Commentary
1 volume by Giuliano Canfora, Gennaro Ferrante, Andrea Mazzucchi, and Massimo Bray
Language: Italian
More Information
Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
  1. Matching Works
  2. Matching Background Articles

Matching Works

Virgil: Bucolics, Georgics and Aeneid

Virgil: Bucolics, Georgics and Aeneid

Illuminated by various masters of book art: Virgil's three major works in a splendidly illustrated manuscript from the 15th century

Experience More
Riccardiana Virgil - Bucolica, Georgica, Aeneid

Riccardiana Virgil - Bucolica, Georgica, Aeneid

Commissioned by Lorenzo de' Medici: Virgil's great works in a Renaissance masterpiece

Experience More

Matching Background Articles

Publisher