(From Lat. septuaginta = seventy) the oldest and most important translation of the Hebrew (and in small parts Aramaic) Old Testament into ancient Greek. The text was developed by Jewish scholars from 250 B.C. onward in Hellenistic Alexandria in particular and became very important as a reference translation in Christianity. The name derives from the legend that 72 scholars supposedly translated the Torah with the exact same result in 72 days, although they had not worked together. For the designation of this potent translation, the number has been rounded down to 70.