Romanesque art was the first international European artistic movement and is named for the fusion of Roman, Carolingian and Ottonian, Byzantine, and local Germanic traditions in the West, while eastern art continued to develop within the strict aesthetic of the Byzantine style.
Mostly originating from the 11th and 12th centuries, many works that can be considered to be Romanesque also fall outside of this timeframe. Although the Romanesque period was the first in which western European art generally shared similar traits, distinct aesthetics existed across Europe. These regional styles came to influence one another, resulting in the gradual emergence of a truly international style that would develop in the Gothic period.
Romanesque illumination was vigorous, innovative, and yet coherent, seamlessly blending classical, Byzantine, and Insular artistic influences while making use of striking primary colors.