The 12th Century
This is Part 8 of our Centuries series. In it, we will review the epic 12th century, beginning with the Crusader states in the Levant, the Second Crusade, and similar religious wars in central Europe and the Iberian Peninsula.
Then we turn to events in Italy and the Holy Roman Empire and the historic personality of Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa.
We will next examine the increasingly intertwined relationship between France and England during this time, and then return to the Levant for the Third Crusade.
Finally, we close out the century by examining events in the Byzantine Empire.