The 14th Century
This is Part 10 of our Centuries series. In it, we will review the 14th century, the twilight of the High Middle Ages, the beginning of the Late Middle Ages, and a period of unprecedented tumult. After reviewing the end of the Crusades, we move to the Wars of Scottish Independence, the reign of Philip IV of France, and the Avignon Papacy.
The famines of the 14th century are examined next in relation the Black Death and its consequences before turning to the birth of Renaissance Humanism in Florence.
We then take a look at the beginning of the Hundred Years’ War along with the rise of the Duchy of Burgundy and the changing nature of medieval warfare. North of the Alps, we examine events in Germany, namely the ratification of the Golden Bull and the formal foundation of the Hanseatic League.
Finally, we return to the wealth and warfare of Italy, the role of foreign mercenaries there, and the influence that great Italian minds like Petrarch and Boccaccio had on Geoffrey Chaucer.