Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux

Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux – Faksimile Verlag – Acc., No.54.1.2 – Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Cloisters (New York, USA)

Paris (France) β€” 1325–1328

Enchanting grisaille miniatures and imaginative marginalia by Jean Pucelle: a great masterpiece in a small format for the Queen of France later owned by the bibliophile Jean Duc de Berry

  1. Commissioned by King Charles IV of France (1294–1328) as a gift to his wife, Jeanne d'Γ‰vreux

  2. Despite the manuscript's small size, the work by Jean Pucelle (ca. 1300–1355) is a masterpiece of the grisaille technique

  3. The book of hours has been the prized possession of Duke Jean of Berry (1340–1416) and the Rothschild family inter alia

Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux

Facsimile Copy Available!
Price Category: €€
(1,000€ - 3,000€)
  1. Description
  2. Detail Picture
  3. Single Page
  4. Facsimile Editions (1)
Description
Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux

The so-called Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux offers its very own aesthetic and is therefore one of the most beautiful manuscripts of the Late Middle Ages. The small masterpiece was created between 1324 and 1328 for the French King Charles IV (1294–1328), who probably gave it to his wife Jeanne d'Γ‰vreux (1310–1371) as a wedding or coronation gift. The Book of Hours is therefore an extremely early example of this genre. The grisaille illuminations, masterfully executed by Jean Pucelle (c. 1300–1335), are absolutely worthy of a queen: in addition to the 25 full-page miniatures, the more than 700 intriguing and often humorous marginal figures, which populate the entire Book of Hours like something from a fantasy world, are particularly captivating. The tiny images are a very special masterpiece, considering the sheer tiny format of the manuscript of only ca. 9 Γ— 6 cm. No wonder that this gem has passed through the hands of many remarkable bibliophiles such as Jean Duc de Berry (1340–1416) over the course of history.

The Book of Hours of Jeanne d'Èvreux

The Book of Hours of Jeanne d'Èvreux is a true masterpiece of late medieval calligraphy. This fine work was commissioned by King Charles IV of France for his wife, Jeanne d'Èvreux, and was furnished with masterful grisaille paintings by the artist Jean Pucelle. Next to the 25 full-page miniatures, the 700+ fascinating marginal figures that populate the entire manuscript like something from a fantasy world are particularly fascinating.

A Kingly Wedding Gift

Charles IV, β€œthe Fair”, commissioned the renowned French miniaturist Jean Pucelle with the task of creating the book of hours for his beloved wife, Jeanne d'Èvreux (1310–1371). The book is most likely either a wedding gift or from the occasion of Charles’ coronation in Reims Cathedral. King Charles, the last Capetian ruler of France, died in 1328, leaving Jeanne a widow. The Book of Hours would end up in the ownership of King Charles V, whose brother, Duke Jean de Berry, was a passionate collector and patron of a multitude of manuscripts. The book was first mentioned in the library of the Duke of Berry*, but suddenly appeared in the **collection of the Rothschild family in 19th century, who would later allow the sale of the item to the Metropolitan Museum, where it safely stored as one of its paramount highlights of its collection to this day keep.

The Art of Grisaille Painting

Upon first glance, one will immediately notice the extensive grey tones that prevail throughout the book of hours. Moreover, the lack of gilded artwork was an intentional design choice by Jeanne d'Èvreux. One must keep in mind that this artistic configuration of the book is a true tour de force! The 25 full-page miniatures, along with the multitude of small figures, initials, and bas-de-page-miniatures, are executed with grisaille technique. Mainly due to the utilization of various grey tones, wonderfully shaded, plastic figures and scenes are distributed throughout the book individually and partially – be it in bright red or blue or in delicate purple or turquoise – colored and really come into their own through this reduced color scale. Jean Pucelle, who had been inspired by other contemporary Italian Trecento painting, erected a truly impressive example of a book that, despite its small size of 9,4 x 6,4 cm, exudes tremendous artistic beauty.

Fantastic Flourish and Spiritual Events

Paired amongst the 25 miniature pages are eight scenes from the childhood and Passion of Christ juxtaposed with the life of much celebrated French King Louis IX, who was an ancestor of Jeanne. Up to the depiction of Christ suffering on Calvary during his Crucifixion, all the scenes are richly imbued with architectural elements in the frames of the pages. The scenes are elaborately painted in detail. A wild bustle takes place around these main scenes: as atlases that carry the frame, initial and marginal figures, bas-de-page miniatures or just somewhere between the lines of the text, precious miniature painting of countless figures and miracles populate the 209 leaves.

Entertaining Variety

There are animals such as monkeys or dogs, people of all classes and classes such as musicians, soldiers, beggars, bishops or virgins, and finally fantastic creatures that seem to have sprung from the wonder world of a Hieronymus Bosch. Wondrous bearded creatures with fish tails and angel wings and hybrids of humans and animals literally romp about the pages. Some of them illustrate the everyday world of the time with games such as jousting or biblical stories like the murder of the innocents in Bethlehem. Others simply offer an entertaining change in addition to the liturgical texts and prayers that have been uniformly put on a very thin, almost transparent parchment by a master scribe.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Stundenbuch der Jeanne d'Evreux
Livre d'Heures de Jeanne d'Evreux
Size / Format
418 pages / 9.0 Γ— 6.0 cm
Origin
France
Date
1325–1328
Style
Language
Script
Gothic Textura
Illustrations
25 full-page miniatures, numerous bas-de-page-miniatures, approx. 700 decorative marginal figures, and several historiated initials
Content
Liturgy of the Hours
Patron
King Charles IV of France (1294–1328), called the Fair
Artist / School
Previous Owners
Jeanne d'Evreux, Queen of France and Navarre (1310–1371)
King Charles V of France (1338–1380)
King Charles VI of France (1368–1422)
Duc Jean de Berry (1340–1416)
Baron Louis–Jules du Chatelet (1594–1671)
Adolphe Carl de Rothschild (1881–1957)
Caroline Julie Anselme Rothschild (1830–1907)
Baron Maurice Edmond Charles de Rothschild (1881–1957)

Available facsimile editions:
Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux – Faksimile Verlag – Acc., No.54.1.2 – Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Cloisters (New York, USA)
Faksimile Verlag – Lucerne, 1998
Limited Edition: 980 copies
Detail Picture

Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux

Christ in Majesty

Shown giving the sign of benediction with his right hand while holding a codex and staff with cross in his left, Christ is enthroned and looking directly out at the beholder. He is presented before a leafy blue background surrounded by the Four Evangelist symbols, each holding a banderole. This is a fine example of demi-grisaille and has minimized the color palette, relying heavily on the masterful shading and range of greys created by the miniaturist instead.

Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux – Faksimile Verlag – Acc., No.54.1.2 – Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Cloisters (New York, USA)
Single Page

Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux

Christ Carrying the Cross

This demi-grisaille miniature is a unique depiction of this common scene from the Passion of the Christ. This style deemphasizes color in favor of shading, and aside from the blue, diamond-patterned background, the composition relies upon varying shades of grey, save for the beard of the man who helps Christ support the weight of the cross.

The scene is presented in an architectural frame reminiscent of a Gothic cathedral, but there are specific connections to Strasbourg Cathedral, namely the crouching figure with a hammer to the left of the bas-de-page miniature. He bears a strong resemblance to a depiction in Strasbourg’s tympanum depicting the wife of the man who forged the nails used to crucify Christ, and is now weighed down by guilt.

Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux – Faksimile Verlag – Acc., No.54.1.2 – Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Cloisters (New York, USA)
Facsimile Editions

#1 Stundenbuch der Jeanne d'Evreux

Faksimile Verlag – Lucerne, 1998

Publisher: Faksimile Verlag – Lucerne, 1998
Limited Edition: 980 copies
Binding: Leather binding with elaborated gold and blind embossing and two clasps
Commentary: 1 volume by Barbara Drake Boehm, Abigail Quandt, and William D. Wixom
Languages: English, German
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Facsimile Copy Available!
Price Category: €€
(1,000€ - 3,000€)
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