Abrogans Codex

Abrogans Codex

Southwestern Germany — ca. 800

Abrogans Codex

  1. Description
  2. Facsimile Editions (1)
Abrogans Codex

Known as Abrogans, German Abrogans, or Codex Abrogans this Middle Latin – Old High German glossary is considered to be the oldest surviving book in the German language and contains ca. 3,670 words and 14,600+ examples and phrases in Old High German. The title is based on the first entry: abrogans = dheomodi (modest, humble). Bishop Arbeo of Freising (d. 783/4) or a Benedictine monk named Kero are theorized to have authored the work. It was likely based on a Latin-Latin glossary compiled in Italy, possibly in the important southern Italian monastery of Vivarium, from various late-antique and early medieval glossaries. This compilation was finally translated into German in the old Bavarian bishopric of Freising, which was under the jurisdiction of Bishop Arbeo beginning in 764. Although the original manuscripts produced in the mid-8th century no longer exist, three copies from ca. 800 have survived including this manuscript housed in the Abbey Library of St Gall in Switzerland.


Alternative Titles
Die Abrogans
Abrogans deutsch
German Abrogans
Size / Format
160 folios / 17.0 × 11.0 cm
ca. 800
Latin-Old High German glossary; Liber ecclesiasticorum dogmatum by Gennadius of Marseille; St. Gall Paternoster and Credo

Available facsimile editions:
Facsimile Editions

#1 Die "Abrogans"

Commentary: 1 volume by Bernhard Bischoff, Johannes Duft und Stefan Sonderegger
Languages: English, German
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
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