Client, illuminators, and scribe identified: one of the most beautiful Beatus manuscripts in the world and certainly the best documented

Beatus of Liébana - Girona Codex

Scriptorium of the Monastery of San Salvador de Tábara (Spain) — 975

Beatus of Liébana - Girona Codex

Beatus of Liébana - Girona Codex

Scriptorium of the Monastery of San Salvador de Tábara (Spain) — 975

  1. Maybe the most attractive and best documented of the Apocalypse commentaries of Beatus de Liébana

  2. The manuscript's patron, illuminators, scribe, date, and place of origin are all documented

  3. 124 high-quality miniatures in subdued colors and costly gold and silver adornments

Beatus of Liébana - Girona Codex

Catedral, Num. Inv. 7 (11) Museu Diocesà (Gerona, Spain)
Alternative Titles:
  • Girona Beatus
  • Beatus of Gerona
  • Beato de Liébana, códice del Monasterio de San Salvador de Tábara, Zamora
  • Beatus von Girona
  • Beato di Girona
  • Béatus de Gérone
Beatus of Liébana - Girona Codex – Catedral, Num. Inv. 7 (11) – Museu Diocesà (Gerona, Spain)
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

The Girona Codex from the series of Beatus-manuscripts is the most attractively decorated and best documented work of the apocalypse manuscripts by Beatus de Liébana. It contains 124 high-quality miniatures in subdued colors and costly adornments of gold and silver.

Beatus of Liébana - Girona Codex

Beatus de Liébana was a monk and theologian who belonged to the Monastery of Santo Toribio de Liébana in modern Spain. The monk is known above all else for this main work, a commentary on the biblical Apocalypse in twelve books. The Girona Codex is one of these books. It is an especially interesting and striking fragment of the twelve-part series of books. The manuscript arose in the second half of the 10th century and contains 124 miniatures richly embellished with gold and silver in all.

A Successful Collaboration

Alongside Beatus, the author of the Girona Codex, other involved person were also named. In doing so, the master of the work easily identified something that was rarely the case with Romanesque codices. Even the date of its origin was noted. The document originated ca. 975 at the behest of Abbot Dominicus. As illuminators, the nun En and the monk Emterius were named. The meticulous script of the text was completed by the scribe Senior. The gifted collective produced one of the most elegant and artful codices from the series of Beatus-Apocalypses.

The Finest Illumination

The valuable manuscript begins with a series of miniatures, which are to be found in no other Beatus-codex. A two-page depiction of heaven in six concentric circles opens the work. Hereupon follows a cycle of six full-page miniatures about the life of Christ, in which, among others, scenes of the crucifixion and descent into hell are depicted. The full-page, framed miniatures show astonishingly diverse and fantastical representations. The colors of the pictures appear subdued and unagitated. Numerous miniatures are adorned with gold and silver. The valuable original edition of the manuscript is housed today in the Girona Cathedral in Spain.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Girona Beatus
Beatus of Gerona
Beato de Liébana, códice del Monasterio de San Salvador de Tábara, Zamora
Beatus von Girona
Beato di Girona
Béatus de Gérone
Size / Format
568 pages / 40.0 x 26.0 cm
Date
975
Language
Illustrations
124 illuminations decorated with gold and silver
Artist / School

2 available facsimile edition(s) of „Beatus of Liébana - Girona Codex“

Beato de Gerona
Beatus of Liébana - Girona Codex – Catedral, Num. Inv. 7 (11) – Museu Diocesà (Gerona, Spain)
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Beato de Gerona

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Edilan – Madrid
Binding
Leather
Commentary
1 volume by Henry A. Sanders, Jaime Marqués de Casanovas, José Camón Aznar and Tomás Marín Martínez
Language: Spanish
Beato de Liébana, códice del Monasterio de San Salvador de Tábara, Zamora
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Beato de Liébana, códice del Monasterio de San Salvador de Tábara, Zamora

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
M. Moleiro Editor – Barcelona, 2003
Limited Edition
987
Binding
Tanned leather
Commentary
1 volume (334 pages) by Gabriel Roura i Güibas and Carlos Miranda García-Tejedor
Languages: English, Spanish
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