Created in the chaos of the Napoleonic Wars when Spain was a battlefield: the end of feudalism in Spain

Constitution of 1812

1812

Constitution of 1812

Constitution of 1812

— 1812

  1. The Political Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy was promulgated in Cádiz on March 19, 1812

  2. The document abolished feudalism and created a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system

  3. It was one of the first constitutions that allowed universal male suffrage and provided for various rights and protections

Constitution of 1812

Alternative Titles:
  • Constitución de 1812
  • Spanische Verfassung von 1812
Constitution of 1812  – Private Collection
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

Aside from proclaiming Roman Catholicism as the official and sole legal religion in Spain, the Spanish Constitution of 1812 was one of the most liberal constitutions of its time. Although it was repealed two years later, and the constitutional monarchy it established was once again replaced with absolutism, the Constitution of 1812 was eventually reinstated. It was an important milestone in European history that inspired subsequent constitutions both in Europe and the Americas.

Constitution of 1812

The Political Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy was promulgated in Cádiz on March 19, 1812. It was the first constitution of Spain and one of the earliest in world history. It affirmed national sovereignty, separation of powers, freedom of the press, free enterprise, abolished feudalism, and established a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. It was one of the first constitutions that allowed universal male suffrage through a complex indirect electoral system. It served as the model for the Norwegian Constitution of 1814, the Portuguese Constitution of 1822, the Mexican Constitution of 1824, and was implemented with minor modifications in various Italian states by the Carbonari during their revolt of 1820 and 1821. Created amidst the chaos of the Napoleonic Wars, when Spain was a battleground, the new liberal government was not able to last and its founding document was repealed by King Ferdinand VII (1784–1833) in 1814 in Valencia, who re-established absolute monarchy. His efforts ultimately proved unsuccessful, and civil war broke out after his death between conservatives and liberals who wanted to restore the Constitution of 1812.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Constitución de 1812
Spanische Verfassung von 1812
Date
1812
Language

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Constitution of 1812 “

Constitución de 1812
Constitution of 1812  – Private Collection
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Constitución de 1812

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Circulo Cientifico – Madrid, 2012
Limited Edition
373 copies
Commentary
1 volume by Clotilde Olaran Múgica


More Information
Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: €€ (1,000€ - 3,000€)
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