Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri

Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri Facsimile Edition

Padua (Italy) — Late 14th or early 15th century

The art of closing a wound: a brilliant work written by the doctor Patavino Bartolomeo Squarcialupi with miniatures reminiscent of Giotto

  1. This is a medical treatise attributed to the doctor Patavino Bartolomeo Squarcialupi

  2. The application of hot irons is depicted in a Paduan illustrative tradition strongly influenced by Giotto (ca. 1267–1337)

  3. The artists created surprisingly accurate depictions of human anatomy in delicately colored miniatures

Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri

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  1. Description
  2. Detail Picture
  3. Single Page
  4. Facsimile Editions (1)
Description
Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri

Without modern sutures and antiseptics, the best way to cleanly close a wound was through cauterization – the application of hot irons. This manuscript consists of fragments of three separate medical texts from the 14-15th centuries that were bound together in a single volume during the 19th century. Bartolomeo Squarcialupi, a physician from Padua, is the author of the primary text. The artful and accurate drawings of the human form are accompanied by neatly written passages with intricate red and blue initials. Aside from being a useful medical handbook, the text is a source of information on the architecture, clothing, and dialects of Northern Italy in the 15th century.

Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cautery

Bearing the full title Libro de le experiençe che fa el cauterio del fuocho ne corpi umani, this is a medical treatise attributed to the doctor Patavino Bartolomeo Squarcialupi, which specializes in the various applications of cauterization. The text on the applications of hot irons is composed in a hybrid of Venetian and archaic Italian dialects and was produced sometimes around the turn of the 15th century in Padua, Italy. The illumination in the manuscript is part of a Paduan illustrative tradition from the court of the Carraresi family that was strongly influenced by Giotto (ca. 1267–1337). It has been conventionally known as Libro or Trattato dei cauteri since it was thus identified by the Italian doctor Giuseppe Albertotti (1851–1936) in his 1908 outline of the work. In its current state, the manuscript represents a larger, fragmentary codex, whose missing parts were then replaced with loose pages and bound sometime in the 19th century. Altogether, three medical texts have been bound together, all originating from either the late–14th or early 15th centuries. The text is written in a neat Gothic script, which is adorned with intricate initials in red and blue, as well as surprisingly accurate depictions of human anatomy in delicately colored miniatures.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Libro del cauterio
Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Buch der Kauter
Trattato dei cauteri
Libro dele experience che fa el cauterio del fuocho ne corpi humani
Size / Format
24 pages / 28.5 × 20.2 cm
Origin
Italy
Date
Late 14th or early 15th century
Style
Language
Artist / School
Previous Owners
Fanzago family

Available facsimile editions:
Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri – ms. Fanzago 2, I, 5, 28 – Biblioteca Medica Vincenzo Pinali (Padua, Italy) Facsimile Edition
Nova Charta – Venice, 2012
Limited Edition: 199 copies
Detail Picture

Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri

Man with Head Injuries

Most of the figures in this manuscript are depicted with European features and blonde or red hair, but this person is different. Depicted in profile, his facial features appear more African and unlike the rest of the figures, his hands are bound in front of him, yet he wears a crown. Thus, he is a foreign king who was been captured in battle and sustained a head injury as indicated by the red dots on his forehead and behind his ear, which will require cauterization.

Libro del cauterio
Single Page

Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri

Diagram of the Circulatory System

Although crude by modern standards, this full-page miniature represents the cutting edge of medical knowledge concerning the circulatory system in late medieval Europe, when dissections were rarely performed. More than two dozen different locations are specified with explanatory commentaries, each proceeded by a red initial.

The miniature depicting a sturdily built adult man with a blond beard and curly hair simultaneously shows his outer features, such as the contours of his torso, and his blood vessels. Its naturalism exhibits clear influences from the works of Giotto. With respect to the larger arteries found in the neck, armpits, groin, and legs, this is a fairly accurate depiction of the circulatory system.

Libro del cauterio
Facsimile Editions

#1 Libro del cauterio

Nova Charta – Venice, 2012
Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri – ms. Fanzago 2, I, 5, 28 – Biblioteca Medica Vincenzo Pinali (Padua, Italy) Facsimile Edition
Bartolomeo Squarcialupi - Libro de cauteri – ms. Fanzago 2, I, 5, 28 – Biblioteca Medica Vincenzo Pinali (Padua, Italy) Facsimile Edition Copyright Photos: Ziereis Facsimiles

Publisher: Nova Charta – Venice, 2012
Limited Edition: 199 copies
Commentary: 1 volume by Giorgio Zanchin, Leonardo Granata, Vittoria de Buzzaccarini, Laura Tallandini, Giordana Mariani Canova, Alfredo Musajo Somma, Daria Schiffini, and Melania Zanetti
Languages: English, Italian

The commentary volume contains a transcription of the text as well as an interdisciplinary assemblage of essays that analyze the text, the manuscript, and its context. In addition, the facsimile edition includes both a printed and a digital version of the restoration report, which details the manuscript's features, language, content, and drawings.
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: €€ (1,000€ - 3,000€)
Edition available
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