Codex Ixtlilxochitl

Codex Ixtlilxochitl – Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt (ADEVA) – Ms. Mex. 65-71 – Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris, France)

Middle America — End of the 16th century or beginning of the 17th century

A god for each of the 18 months of the calendar: the detailed description of the legendary rituals of the Aztecs on their mighty pyramids

  1. The esoteric rituals performed by the Aztecs atop their massive pyramids are detailed in this manuscript

  2. It details inter alia a religious calendar with a god representing each of the 18 months of the Aztec year

  3. Named after Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxochitl (ca. 1568/80–1648), an author and member of the ruling family of Texcoco

Codex Ixtlilxochitl

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  1. Description
  2. Facsimile Editions (1)
Description
Codex Ixtlilxochitl

29 color facsimile pages and 21 black-and-white pages provide valuable insights into the long-dead world of Mexico as it appeared before and shortly after the Spanish conquest. This is exemplified by the Xiuhpohualli, a solar calendar used by the Aztecs in pre-Columbian times: it consists of 18 months, each lasting 20 days, plus a period of 5 days at the end of the year, but these were considered to be ominous. Also depicted are rituals that this advanced civilization performed in the area of present-day Mexico City. Among the illustrations are captions in Spanish explaining an image or translating words in Nahua. The manuscript was named after Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxochitl (ca. 1568-1648). He wanted to show in his famous historical works that the history of the indigenous population is by no means inferior to that of the European colonizers.

Codex Ixtlilxochitl

The Codex Ixtlilxochitl is an early 17th century fragment detailing, among other subjects, a calendar of the annual festivals and rituals celebrated at the Aztec teocalli ("pyramids") during the Mexican calendar year. Each of the 18 months is represented by a god or an historical character. Written in Spanish, the Codex Ixtlilxochitl has 50 pages comprising 27 separate sheets of European paper with 29 illustrations. It was derived from the same source as the Codex Magliabechiano. It was named after Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxochitl (between 1568 & 1578 – c. 1650), the author of Obras Historicas and a member of the ruling family of Texcoco, and is held in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. The manuscript consists of four different sections, all written out and illustrated on European paper, of which at least the first section is fragmentary. Sections 1–3 have been reproduced in the original colors, section 4 is in b/w.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Codex of Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl
Codex des Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl
Aubin Manuscript
Codex Aubin
Codex Goupil
Size / Format
50 pages / 34.0 × 24.5 cm
Origin
Peru
Date
End of the 16th century or beginning of the 17th century
Language
Script
Cursive
Illustrations
29 full- and half-page illustrations
Content
Calendar of the annual festivals and rituals of the Aztecs
Artist / School
Previous Owners
Carlos de Sigüenza y Gòngara (1645 – 1700)
Colegio de San Pedro y San Pablo
Lorenzo Boturini Benaduci (1698–1749)
Juan de Santelizes Pablo
Joseph Marius Alexis Aubin (1802–91)
E. Eugene Goupil (1831–96)

Available facsimile editions:
Codex Ixtlilxochitl – Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt (ADEVA) – Ms. Mex. 65-71 – Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris, France)
Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt (ADEVA) – Graz, 1976
Facsimile Editions

#1 Codex Ixtlilxochitl

Binding: Grey cloth with embossing
Commentary: 1 volume (36 pages) by Jacqueline de Durand-Forest
Languages: French, English, Spanish
1 volume: This facsimile is not complete. Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: € (under 1,000€)
Edition available
Price: Log in here!
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