First Constitution of Navarre

First Constitution of Navarre

A mixture of Roman law and common law: one of the first constitutions of Europe and the basis for the heyday of the Kingdom of Navarre

  1. A relatively small kingdom, Navarre was dominated by its more powerful neighbors for much of its existence

  2. King Sancho VI (1132–94) the Wise brought lasting strength and stability to Navarre by issuing its first constitution

  3. The contents of the early vernacular document resemble a blend of Roman and customary law

First Constitution of Navarre

  1. Description
  2. Facsimile Editions (1)
Description
First Constitution of Navarre

King Sancho VI earned the epithet “the Wise” for his accomplishments while ruling the Kingdom of Navarre. The King strengthened his realm through marriage alliances and by creating one of the world’s first constitutions to ensure good rule. Furthermore, it represents one of the first documents to be written in vernacular, making it significant to linguists as well as historians.

First Constitution of Navarre

The Kingdom of Navarre, located in the Basque region of Spain’s Pyrenees Mountains and centered on its capital of Pamplona. A relatively small kingdom, it was dominated by its more powerful neighbors for much of its existence, originating as a buffer region between the Franks to the north and the Moorish Umayyad Emirate that controlled most of the Iberian Peninsula from its capital in Córdoba. Later, Navarre found itself between the growing powers of Castile to the west and Aragon to the east, and still pressured by France. However, amid this tumult, the Kingdom of Navarre enjoyed a period of political and military strength that began with the reign of King Sancho VI (1132–94) the Wise. Aside from being the first to take the title “King of Navarre” instead of “King of Pamplona”, the King saved his realm at a time when it was about to be divided and devoured by its neighbors by marrying the daughter of King Alfonso VII of Castile (1105–57) and accepting him as his overlord. Sancho VI brought lasting strength and stability to Navarre by issuing its first constitution, which was written in the Romance dialect of his homeland, making it an early vernacular document. The contents of the Fueros de Navarra resemble a blend of Roman and customary law. It later served as a foundation for subsequent Spanish constitutions and marked the Kingdom of Navarre.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Primera Constitucion de Navarra, Fueros de Navarra

Available facsimile editions:
First Constitution of Navarre
Editorial Mintzoa – Pamplona, 2007
Limited Edition: 320 copies
Facsimile Editions

#1 Primera Constitucion de Navarra, Fueros de Navarra

Editorial Mintzoa – Pamplona, 2007

Publisher: Editorial Mintzoa – Pamplona, 2007
Limited Edition: 320 copies
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: € (under 1,000€)
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