Queen of Scotland, France and (in truth) England: Mary Stuart's book of hours, together with the certificate of execution signed by Elizabeth I

Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant

Ghent or Bruges (Belgium); London (United Kingdom) — Early 16th century; February 1st, 1587

Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant

Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant

Ghent or Bruges (Belgium); London (United Kingdom) — Early 16th century; February 1st, 1587

  1. Mary Stuart (1542–1587), the Catholic Queen of Scotland, was the owner of a wondrous book of hours

  2. It is counted among the most beautiful surviving specimens of early 16th century Flemish illumination

  3. This gem is accompanied by the execution warrant of Mary Stuart, signed by Queen Elizabeth I (1533–1603)

Libro d'Ore di Maria Stuarda

Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant

June: Harvesting Hay

Three farmers harvest hay in a typical labor of the month scene for June. The man on the left cuts the hay with a scythe, going back and forth in rows, which the man in the middle collects with a pitchfork to put into a pile. This pile is then raked by the woman on the right before it is rolled into bales. Hay was an important resource in a world dependent upon the labor of horses, donkey, mules, and oxen. Military campaigns were especially dependent on the availability of grass and hay.

Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant

Alternative Titles:
  • Libro d'Ore di Maria Stuarda
  • Execution Warrant of Mary Queen of Scots
  • Stundenbuch der Maria Stuart
  • Hinrichtungsurkunde für Maria Stuart
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

Mary Stuart, the Catholic Queen of Scotland, was the owner of a wondrous book of hours with numerous Flemish miniatures. These are counted among the best of what exists from 16th illumination in Flanders. Precious small paintings are depicted in gorgeous, luminous colors and are gilded in many places. This gem of illumination is accompanied by a document steeped in history: the execution warrant of Mary Stuart, signed by Queen Elizabeth I on February 1st, 1587. This compendium offers a glimpse into the life of one of the most tragic figures in history.

Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant

Mary Stuart, the Catholic Queen of Scotland and France, was the owner of a wonderful book of hours with numerous Flemish miniatures. This is counted among the most beautiful surviving specimens of early 16th century Flemish illumination. Valuable small paintings are depicted in gorgeous, luminous colors, splendidly gilded in some places. This gem of illumination is accompanied by a document steeped in history: the Execution Warrant of Mary Stuart, signed by the English Queen Elizabeth I on February 1st, 1587. This compendium offers a glimpse into the life of one of the most tragic figures in history.

A Tragic Document

The commissioner of the book of hours was the famous Mary Stuart (1542–1587). The Catholic Queen of Scotland had to abandon her country because of political and religious unrest and flee to England. New tensions with the Queen of England, Elizabeth I, nourished Mary Stuart’s hopes for the English throne. After she was suspected to have participated in a planned assassination attempt, she was executed for high treason on February 7th, 1587. The death sentence, which is dated February 1st, 1587, carries the signature of Queen Elizabeth I at the bottom of the page. Today this death sentence is stored in the Lambeth Palace Library and represents an important testimonial of English history.

The Book of Hours: Her Solace in the Last Hours

The book of hours was the private prayer book of the Queen, which accompanied her in her final hours. It gave her solace and relief as she prayed from it and pressed it to her heart. Nothing was closer to her in the hours of mortal fear than her book of hours. Through her confessor, who came from Ravenna, it eventually came to Italy, where it is stored today in the Biblioteca Classense di Ravenna. Both artifacts, the book of hours in the format of 10 x 7.1 cm and the warrant of execution, are sumptuously stored in a wooden case. The manuscript is protected by a wonderful binding of Bordeaux-red velvet, which is embellished with a jade stone and pearls on the edges of the front side.

The Private Prayer Book of the Scottish Queen

A true world of wonder spreads out before the eye of the beholder on 385 pages. 41 full-page miniatures adorn the private prayer book of Mary Stuart that was probably made in the early 16th century in Flanders, either in Bruges or Ghent. An unknown Flemish master adorned the text with numerous precious initials and artful miniatures. The spiritual text is preceded by a calendar depicting the months on seven pages along with the corresponding zodiac signs. Gorgeous wide frames that are exceedingly colorful and designed with elements of floral tendrils surround the text. In turn, the frames of the calendar pages show rustic genre scenes, e.g. the thresher at work between the streets of a Flemish city.

The Miniatures of the Book of Hours

The 19 miniature pages are extremely artfully designed, while a broad frame always surrounded the actual miniature in the middle of the picture. The frames are filled with naturalistic depictions of fruits, leaves, and flowers, but also with small animals and insects. The miniatures, designed like individual panel paintings, illustrated the texts of the various biblical scenes, e.g. the Annunciation or the Savior of the World. These are painted with great artistry, showing some wonderful landscape or architectural interior as a background. The luminous colorfulness of the paintings is impressive, which is further underscored through the application of gold. Stylistically the miniatures refer to an origin in Flanders, either from Ghent or Bruges. Great names from the art of illumination such as Jan van Eyck, Simon Bening, or Gerard David come to mind.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Libro d'Ore di Maria Stuarda
Execution Warrant of Mary Queen of Scots
Stundenbuch der Maria Stuart
Hinrichtungsurkunde für Maria Stuart
Size / Format
1 document + 358 pages / 10.0 × 7.1 cm
Date
Early 16th century; February 1st, 1587
Language
Illustrations
41 full-page miniatures and numerous golden initials
Content
Book of Hours + Execution Warrant of Mary Queen of Scots
Artist / School
Libro d'Ore di Maria Stuarda

Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant

Salvator Mundi

Salvator Mundi or “Savior of the World” is a common subject of Christian iconography depicting Christ with his right hand raised in a gesture of benediction while holding a globus cruciger or “cross-bearing orb” in the left. The latter object symbolizes Christ’s dominion over the Earth. This depiction is presented in a lovely golden frame with flowers and butterflies.

Christ is depicted looking at the beholder with a penetrating gaze and an enigmatic expression on his face. He is dressed in a purple tunic with a red cloak secured around his shoulders by a golden, jewel-adorned clasp. Instead of a halo, the Flemish master responsible for the work used fine pen strokes of gold ink to create the image of a cross around Christ’s head.

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant“

Libro d'Ore di Maria Stuarda
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
Mary Stuart's Book of Hours and Execution Warrant – Ms.62|Ms. 4769 – Biblioteca Classense (Ravenna, Italy) / Lambeth Palace Library (London, England)
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Libro d'Ore di Maria Stuarda

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
ArtCodex – Modena, 2011
Limited Edition
999 copies
Binding
Bordeaux-red silken velvet, a jade stone is set in the central gilded ornament while the corner elements have pearl settings. Comes In a box of precious wood.
Commentary
1 volume by Claudia Giuliani
More Information
23 carat fine gold on CartaPergamena
Regular price without login (used)14,790 €
Login for a Better Price!
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