Commissioned by King Edward I of England: an exceptionally richly illuminated masterpiece with fascinating miniatures

Oxford Apocalypse

Court School of Westminster (United Kingdom) — Around 1272

Oxford Apocalypse

Oxford Apocalypse

Court School of Westminster (United Kingdom) — Around 1272

  1. A spectacular 13th century commission by King Edward I of England (1239–1307) and his wife Eleanor of Castile-León

  2. The sheer number of its miniatures, 97 in total, earns it a foremost position among works of this period

  3. The use of landscape as a new element of miniature design lends them a fascinating, peculiar liveliness

Die Apokalypse Oxford

Ortelius Atlas - Theatrum Orbis Terrarum

The First Resurrection

After the initial defeat and millennium-long imprisonment of Satan, Christ and the saints reign over the earth raising the martyrs: “And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.” (Rev 20:4)

Oxford Apocalypse

Alternative Titles:
  • Apokalypse Oxford
  • Douce Apocalypse
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

In England during the High Middle Ages, Apocalypse manuscripts became very popular, as they had been in Spain in pervious centuries. Referred to more often today as the Book of Revelation, its wondrous, frightening, even psychedelic imagery provided wonderful material for the imaginative and innovative artists of the Gothic era. The Oxford Apocalypse or Ms. Douce 180 ranks among the most significant English manuscripts of the 13th century. Alone the sheer number of its miniatures, 97 in total, earns it a foremost position among all other illuminated works of this period. Likely commissioned by Edward I of England and his wife Eleanor of Castilia-León prior to the royal coronation, the manuscript enjoyed an interesting and mostly-unknown history of ownership before making its way to Oxford's Bordleian Library.

In England during the High Middle Ages, Apocalypse manuscripts became very popular, as they had been in Spain in pervious centuries. Referred to more often today as the Book of Revelation, its wondrous, frightening, even psychedelic imagery provided wonderful material for the imaginative and innovative artists of the Gothic era. The Oxford Apocalypse or Ms. Douce 180 ranks among the most significant English manuscripts of the 13th century. Alone the sheer number of its miniatures, 97 in total, earns it a foremost position among all other illuminated works of this period. Likely commissioned by Edward I of England and his wife Eleanor of Castilia-León prior to the royal coronation, the manuscript enjoyed an interesting and mostly-unknown history of ownership before making its way to Oxford's Bordleian Library.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Apokalypse Oxford
Douce Apocalypse
Size / Format
168 pages / 31.1 x 20.3 cm
Date
Around 1272
Language
Illustrations
97 miniatures (gold + silver), each of them on a half page
Previous Owners
Die Apokalypse Oxford

Oxford Apocalypse

Fifth Trumpet: Locusts Riding

“The shape of the locusts was like horses prepared for battle. On their heads were crowns of something like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men. They had hair like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lions’ teeth. And they had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots with many horses running into battle.” (Rev. 9:7–9)

During the First Woe, a star falls from the sky, opening up a bottomless pit. An army of locusts with scorpions’ tales, commanded by the angel Abaddon, emerges to torment those without the seal of God on their foreheads for five months. They are depicted advancing in formation, the shining silver of their mail and gold of their crowns contrasting with their dark and hideous appearance.

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Oxford Apocalypse“

Die Apokalypse Oxford
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
Oxford Apocalypse – Ms. Douce 180 – Bodleian Library (Oxford, United Kingdom)
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Die Apokalypse Oxford

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt (ADEVA) – Graz, 1981
Limited Edition
1000 numbered copies for the non-French speaking world
Binding
Leather (true copy of the original binding from the 16th century). Facsimile in a solid slip case.
Commentary
1 volume (284 pages) by P. Klein
Language: German

P. Klein, Bamberg, 284 pp. with 171 illustrations.
More Information
All folios are cut according to the original.
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