Paris Apocalypse  

Paris Apocalypse  

Salisbury (United Kindgom) — ca. 1250

A manuscript of magnificent miniatures from Salisbury owned by the kings of France

  1. This significant manuscript features splendid miniatures by the Master of Sarum on all 100 pages

  2. The miniatures present marvelously composed scenes filled with figures in elegant green-gold frames

  3. This coveted manuscript has been the proud possession of French kings like Charles V and Louis XII

Paris Apocalypse  

Price Category: €€€ (3,000€ - 7,000€)
Edition available
Price: Login here!
  1. Description
  2. Detail Picture
  3. Single Page
  4. Facsimile Editions (1)
Description
Paris Apocalypse  

One of the oldest Apocalypse manuscripts from England and a special treasure of the French National Library in Paris: the famous Paris Apocalypse. This significant manuscript is a work by the Mater of Sarum and originated in Salisbury ca. 1250. That date indicates that this is a work from the heyday of English illumination! The Apocalypse presents a magnificent miniature on each of its 100 pages. The grandiose, elegant illustrations of the Apocalypse are rich with figures and their composition indicates a true master of his art. Last but not least, the series of noteworthy owners of this manuscript demonstrates the outstanding quality and position of the Paris Apocalypse!

Paris Apocalypse

One of the oldest Apocalypse manuscripts from England and a special treasure of the French National Library in Paris: the famous Paris Apocalypse. This significant manuscript is a work by the Mater of Sarum and originated in Salisbury ca. 1250. That date indicates that this is a work from the heyday of English illumination! The Apocalypse presents a magnificent miniature on each of its 100 pages. The grandiose, elegant illustrations of the Apocalypse are rich with figures and their composition indicates a true master of his art. Last but not least, the series of noteworthy owners of this manuscript demonstrates the outstanding quality and position of the Paris Apocalypse!

An English Master

The Master of Sarum created a true masterpiece with the Paris Apocalypse, which remains enchanting to this day. This painter already indicates this artwork’s place of origin with his name: Sarum is an old term for Salisbury. This work of art was made there ca. 1250, it is considered to be one of the earliest examples of an Apocalypse in England. The Master of Sarum was a significant miniaturist during the flowering of English illumination in the 13th century. Two more of his masterpiece are known as the Amesbury Psalter and the Missal of Henry Chichester.

Elegant Miniatures Gleaming with Gold

Every one of the 100 pages of the Paris Apocalypse is gorgeously illustrated. Sometimes there are even miniature pages with a single large miniature divided into two registers. No gold was spared with these paintings. The miniatures present marvelously composed scenes filled with figures in elegant green-gold frames above two columns of text. The miniatures and their elegant Gothic figures are so wonderfully designed that one often needs a second look to recognize the sometimes terrifying content – the forms of the Apocalypse.

The Royal Owners of this Gem

Manuscript Français 403 of the French National Library in Paris counts among the special treasures of the library’s manuscript collection. It is not just its status as the oldest Apocalypse manuscript from the British Isles that make the Apocalypse so special. Its exceptional history of ownership is worthy of mention. The manuscript remained in England until the 14th century when it reached France. The royal owner Charles V of France (1338–1380) gifted the Apocalypse to the Duke of Anjou. The next owner, Louis de Bruges, seigneur de la Gruthuyse (1427–1492) had his coat of arms immortalized in the manuscript. Additionally, Louis XII of France (1462–1515) left his mark in the Paris Apocalypse.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Apocalypse glosée
Apocalypse of Paris
Apocalipsis de París
Apokalypse von Paris
Apocalypse de Paris
Apocalisse di Parigi
Salisbury Apocalypse
Sarum Apocalypse
Size / Format
100 pages / 32.5 × 22.5 cm
Date
ca. 1250
Style
Language
Illustrations
All 100 pages illuminated
Artist / School
Previous Owners
Charles V, King of France (1338–1380)
Louis, Duke of Anjou (1339–1384)
Louis de Bruges, Lord of La Gruthuyse (1427–1492)
Louis XII, King of France (1462–1515)

Available facsimile editions:
Paris Apocalypse   – Ms. Français 403 – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Millennium Liber – Madrid, 2013
Limited Edition: 995 copies
Detail Picture

Paris Apocalypse

Satan’s Rebellion is Crushed

God’s wrath is depicted with a wonderful and unique color palette: “Now when the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. They went up on the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them.” (Rev. 20:7-9)

Apocalipsis de Paris
Single Page

Paris Apocalypse

Emperor Domitian Expels Saint John

John wrote the Book of Revelation while on the Greek island of Patmos, where he was supposedly exiled by the Roman Emperor Domitian. The half page miniature at the top of this page depicts the scene in the garments of the mid–13th century. John is bound and taken away by soldiers depicted with obviously anti-Semitic facial features.

The gorgeous historiated initial on the page is depicted with the same detail and realism of the miniature above it. In it, an angel stands over John’s shoulder, giving him inspiration as he raises his pen, which extends out of the golden frame and into the text written by him. A grotesque monster with clawed hind legs, wings, and a long, red, hairy neck reaches across the initial to bite a gray, wolf-like beast.

Apocalipsis de Paris
Facsimile Editions

#1 Apocalipsis de Paris

Millennium Liber – Madrid, 2013
Paris Apocalypse   – Ms. Français 403 – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Paris Apocalypse   – Ms. Français 403 – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France) Copyright Photos: Ziereis Facsimiles

Publisher: Millennium Liber – Madrid, 2013
Limited Edition: 995 copies
Binding: Embossed red leather over board with gilt stamping, presented in an elegant Solander box. Folios are not cut according to the original.
Commentary: 1 volume by Elisa Ruiz Garcia
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: €€€ (3,000€ - 7,000€)
Edition available
Price: Login here!
You might also be interested in:
Getty Apocalypse
Getty Apocalypse
London (United Kindgom) – ca. 1255

Impressive book illumination of the English Gothic: the last days of humanity from the perspective of the God-fearing High Middle Ages

Experience More
Oxford Apocalypse
Oxford Apocalypse
Court School of Westminster (United Kingdom) – ca. 1272

Commissioned by King Edward I of England: an exceptionally richly illuminated masterpiece with fascinating miniatures

Experience More
Blog articles worth reading
Filter selection
Publisher