Petrarca: Trionfi - Vatican Codex

Petrarca: Trionfi - Vatican Codex – Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana - Treccani – Ms. Urb. lat. 683 – Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (Vatican City, Vatican City State)

Italy — 1442

A splendid copy of the Renaissance bestseller: Petrarch's emotional description of the "Triumphs" of love, chastity, and eternity with congenial miniatures from the workshop of Apollonio di Giovanni

  1. The poem Trionfi by Francesco Petrarca (1304–74) was one of the most popular Renaissance works

  2. 11 half-page miniatures with burnished gold backgrounds illustrate the text

  3. Two full-page portraits of Dante and Petrarch adorn the work in addition to the miniatures

Petrarca: Trionfi - Vatican Codex

  1. Description
  2. Facsimile Editions (1)
Petrarca: Trionfi - Vatican Codex

The Trionfi by Petrarch (1304-74) counts among the most popular literary works of the Renaissance. The great poet of the early Italian Renaissance extols the triumph of love, chastity, glory, eternity, time, and death, thus depicting a humanistic world view completely in the spirit of his time. This mid-15th century manuscript of the historic work of Italian literature and culture originated from the workshop of Apollonio di Giovanni di Tomaso and features 11 half-page miniatures with burnished gold backgrounds, full-page portraits of Dante and Petrarch, numerous decorative and historiated initials, and floral décor.

Petrarca: Trionfi - Vatican Codex

Francesco Petrarca (1304–74) was an Italian poet and historian. He is considered to be a founder of Renaissance humanism and, along with Dante Alighieri and Boccaccio, one of the most important representatives of early Italian literature. The term Petrarchism comes from his names, which designated a widespread school of thought within European love poetry up to the 17th century. His works have influenced world literature over the centuries. The triumphs celebrated by victorious Ancient Roman generals continued to be imitated during the Middle Ages, especially in Italy. Petrarch’s Triumphs, whose Italian name reads Trionfi, are a famous example of the poetry of Petrarch.

The Work of a Future Furniture Maker

This fine specimen of Italian Renaissance book art that is stored today in the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana was created in 1442 by the painter Apollonio di Giovanni di Tomaso (1414 – 1465). In 1446, he would go on to establish workshop in Florence with the carpenter Marco del Buono Giamberti (1402–1489) specializing in the production of cassoni – wedding chests – and other highly decorated furniture. Their workshop is also famous for creating an illuminated golden tarot deck once owned by the d’Este family, which is considered to be a masterpiece. Apollonio would execute another fine manuscript of Virgil's Bucolics, Georgics, and Aeneid ca. 1450, which is also worthy of note.

An Allegorical Triumph

The Trionfi, one of the most popular poems worldwide, are a tale of the triumph of the good and the beautiful. Six triumphs that were sung about include, the triumph of love, of chastity, of fame, of time, the triumph of death over time, and the triumph of eternity. The central theme of the work would be familiar to a medieval audience: the journey of man from a state of sin to redemption. As such, it can be compared with allegorical works such as the Roman de la Rose or the Divina Commedia, with which it shares a similar voyage structure. The work has been praised for its lyrical achievements and the introspective look into the poet’s feelings that it offers to the reader.


Alternative Titles
Francesco Petrarca. I Trionfi
Petrarca: Trionfi - Vatikanischer Codex
Triunfos de Petrarca
Il Trionfi di Francesco Petrarca
Petrarch's Triumphs
Les Triomphes de Petrarque
Petrarca: Triumphe
Vatican Petrarch
Size / Format
82 pages / 24.1 × 16.8 cm
Calligraphic mercantesca
2 full-page portraits (Petrarch and Dante), 11 half-page miniatures and several historiated initials
Petrarch's Triumphs; Note sulla morte di Laura; In conversione Pauli Apostuli
Artist / School

Available facsimile editions:
Petrarca: Trionfi - Vatican Codex – Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana - Treccani – Ms. Urb. lat. 683 – Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (Vatican City, Vatican City State)
Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana - Treccani – Rome, 2018
Limited Edition: 282 copies
Facsimile Editions

#1 Francesco Petrarca. I Trionfi

Limited Edition: 282 copies
Commentary: 1 volume by Marco Cursi, Vittorio Celottoi, and Massimo Bray
Language: Italian
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Facsimile Copy Available!
Price Category: €€€
(3,000€ - 7,000€)
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