Saint Benedict's Rule from St. Gall

Saint Benedict's Rule from St. Gall

St. Gall (Switzerland) — Ca. 820

Saint Benedict's Rule from St. Gall

  1. Description
  2. Facsimile Editions (1)
Description
Saint Benedict's Rule from St. Gall

Benedict of Nursia is regarded as the founded of Western Christian monasticism and is most famous for writing the Rule of Saint Benedict. The most important copy of the Regula Benedicti in textual history from the period after 810 is stored today in the Abbey of Saint Gall under the shelf mark Cod. Sang. 914. The text is written 18 lines per page with most parts written in a heavy Alemannic miniscule and a fourth in Carolingian miniscule. Aside from Saint Benedict’s Rule, the codex also includes various letters written by Benedict. The text goes back in a straight line to the manuscript originally written by the saint toward the end of the 8th century in Monte Cassino Abbey and is thus considered to be authoritative. Two monks from Reichenau named Grimald and Tatto encountered the Rule ca. 817 while at a monastery near Aachen where they copied, true to syllable and letter, St. Benedict’s text at the behest of Reginbert, librarian at Reichenau. That codex was copied shortly thereafter in the scriptorium of St. Gall, thus yielding codex 914. In the following centuries, more biblical texts as well as glosses in Latin and German in particular were inserted between the lines. Similarly, drawings from an unskilled hand were added in the margins. Nonetheless, the manuscript is a precious witness to the formative years of the Benedictines.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Benediktsregel aus St. Gallen
Saint Benedict's Rule
Codex Sangallensis 914
Regula Benedicti de codice Sangallensi 914
Regula Benedicti
Size / Format
172 pages / 23.9 × 17.0 cm
Date
Ca. 820
Language
Facsimile Editions

#1 Regula Benedicti: de codice 914 in bibliotheca monasterii S. Galli servato (fol. 1r-86v[85v] = pp.1-172; saec. IX )

Commentary: 1 volume by Bernard Bischoff, Germain Morin, Ambrogio Amelli and Benedikt Probst
Language: German
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
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