Saint Benedict's Rule from St. Gall

Saint Benedict's Rule from St. Gall Facsimile Edition

St. Gall (Switzerland) — Ca. 820

A precious, authoritative manuscript from ca. 820 tracing back the rule of St. Benedict to the original document written in the 6th century

  1. Benedict of Nursia (480–548) wrote a book of precepts for monks living under an abbot in 516

  2. Written in Monte Cassino Abbey, the codex also includes various letters written by Benedict

  3. Two monks from Reichenau encountered the Rule ca. 817 and copied it word for word

Saint Benedict's Rule from St. Gall

  1. Description
  2. Facsimile Editions (1)
Saint Benedict's Rule from St. Gall

Benedict of Nursia is regarded as the founder of Western Christian monasticism and is most famous for writing the Rule of Saint Benedict in 516. The most important copy of the Regula Benedicti in textual history from the period after 810 is stored today in the Abbey of Saint Gall under the shelf mark Cod. Sang. 914. The text is written 18 lines per page with most parts written in a heavy Alemannic miniscule and a fourth in Carolingian miniscule. Aside from Saint Benedict’s Rule, the codex also includes various letters written by Benedict. The text goes back in a straight line to the manuscript originally written by the saint toward the beginning of the 6th century in Monte Cassino Abbey and is thus considered to be authoritative. Two monks from Reichenau named Grimald and Tatto encountered the Rule ca. 817 while at a monastery near Aachen where they copied, true to syllable and letter, St. Benedict’s text at the behest of Reginbert, librarian at Reichenau. That codex was copied shortly thereafter in the scriptorium of St. Gall, thus yielding codex 914. In the following centuries, more biblical texts as well as glosses in Latin and German in particular were inserted between the lines. Similarly, drawings from an unskilled hand were added in the margins. Nonetheless, the manuscript is a precious witness to the formative years of the Benedictines.


Alternative Titles
Benediktsregel aus St. Gallen
Saint Benedict's Rule
Codex Sangallensis 914
Regula Benedicti de codice Sangallensi 914
Regula Benedicti
Size / Format
172 pages / 23.9 × 17.0 cm
Ca. 820
Artist / School
Facsimile Editions

#1 Regula Benedicti: de codice 914 in bibliotheca monasterii S. Galli servato (fol. 1r-86v[85v] = pp.1-172; saec. IX )

Eos-Verlag – St. Ottilien, 1983

Publisher: Eos-Verlag – St. Ottilien, 1983
Commentary: 1 volume by Bernard Bischoff, Germain Morin, Ambrogio Amelli and Benedikt Probst
Language: German
1 volume: This facsimile is not complete. Monochrome Reproduction of the ff. 1-86v of the original document as detailed as possible (scope, format). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
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