The Floersheim Haggadah

The Floersheim Haggadah

Germany — 1501–1502

A wonderful inside view of the lives of German Jews ca. 1502 complete with Gothic architecture and contemporary clothing

  1. Those celebrating the Passover Seder are guided by and read aloud from the Haggadah

  2. The text of this Haggadah manuscript is framed by splendid miniatures on every page

  3. Secular activities like farming and construction are also depicted in great detail

The Floersheim Haggadah

  1. Description
  2. Facsimile Editions (1)
Description
The Floersheim Haggadah

The purpose of the Passover Seder is to relate and pass down the story of Exodus, the liberation from Egyptian bondage and deliverance into the Promised Land, to the next generation. Biblical verses, Psalms, hymns, and traditions thereof are contained in and read from a Haggadah. This late-Gothic specimen from Germany was created ca. 1502 and virtually every page is adorned with miniatures illustrating the text as well as depicting daily life for German Jews during the period. The Floersheim Haggadah presents the celebratory meal in wonderful miniatures featuring contemporary clothing and Gothic architecture.

The Floersheim Haggadah

The Passover Seder is a ritual feast, the most widely celebrated by Jews around the world, requiring the use of a Haggadah – a Jewish text that guides participants through the meal and from which they read out loud. This is one of the finest Haggadot to survive from the Middle Ages due to its rich illumination. The margins of virtually every page of text are filled with late-Gothic miniatures that both illustrate the text concerning the celebratory Passover feast of Seder and show scenes from everyday life including farming and construction. As such, it is a wonderful inside view of the lives of German Jews ca. 1502 when the manuscript was completed.

The Passover Tradition

Passover commemorates the liberation of the people of Israel from servitude in Egypt and the Exodus to the Promised Land, the main intention being to pass on this message of liberation from one generation to the next, as "every person in whatever period they live has the obligation to consider themselves as being part of the great exodus from Egypt". The prospect of final deliverance is drawn from a messianic perspective. Passover begins on the 14th day of the month of Nisan, i.e. on the first full moon in spring, and lasts for eight days. At night, every family has their Passover lamb and unleavened bread (matzah), bitter herbs, and wine. Over the years, a fixed order (Seder) was established for this religious meal, according to which the liturgy was held. The basic form of this order is about a thousand years old. It comprises biblical verses, hymns and Psalms, and records of religious customs and is read by the head of the family on the first and second evenings of Passover.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Die Floersheim Haggadah
Seder Hagadah shel Pesḁh
Size / Format
36 pages / 26.5 × 18.5 cm
Origin
Germany
Date
1501–1502
Language
Script
Ashkenazi
Previous Owners
Ashel and Yehuda
Matzliah
Rafael ben Yehuda Matzliah
David Solomon Sassoon

Available facsimile editions:
The Floersheim Haggadah
Limited Edition: 936 copies
Facsimile Editions

#1 The Floersheim Haggadah

Limited Edition: 936 copies
Commentary: 1 volume by Iris Fishof, Meir Hovav, and Lenn J. Schramm (translation)
Languages: English, Hebrew
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Partial reproduction of the original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
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