Atlas Miller

Atlas Miller Facsimile Edition

Portugal — 1519

The world at the time of the Renaissance: an exquisite cartographic work and worthy gift for King Francois I of France

  1. A commission by King Manuel I of Portugal, presumably as a gift for King François I of France (1494–1547)

  2. The cartographical work shows world geography as it was known in the Renaissance

  3. The work in Latin and Portuguese arose from a collaboration of various artists and academics

Atlas Miller

GE D-26179 (RES) / GE DD-683 (2-5 RES) / GE AA-640 (RES) Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris, France)
Price Category: €€ (1,000€ - 3,000€)
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  1. Description
  2. Detail Picture
  3. Single Page
  4. Facsimile Editions (1)
Atlas Miller

The Atlas Miller is a cartographical work that shows the geographic regions of the world, as they were known in the Renaissance. The atlas arose in 1519 from a collaboration between the cartographers Pedro and Jorge Reinel and the miniaturists Lopo Homem and Antonio de Holanda. It contains 10 richly detailed illustrated maps in various formats.

Atlas Miller

The Atlas Miller is one of the most famous cartographical works in the Renaissance style. It originates from Portugal in 1519 at the behest of King Manuel I. The work arose from a collaboration of various artists and academics. The cartographers Pedro and Jorge Reinel prepared the geographic plans. The highly valuable illustrations of the maps were undertaken by the talented illuminators Antonio de Holanda and Lopo Homem. The work contains six sheets of vellum with a total of 10 zestfully decorated maps in various formats.

Exciting Geographic Depictions

The map, written in Latin and Portuguese, represents numerous geographic regions as they were known to Renaissance scholars. The North Atlantic, northern Europe, the archipelago of the Azores, Madagascar, the Indian Ocean, Indonesia, the West Pacific, the Maluku Islands, Brazil, and the Mediterranean are all depicted. The map of Brazil in particular, the *Terra Brasilis, is a truly masterful work of illuminated cartography**. The map shows countless depictions of people in activities typical of the country and the natural conditions of Brazil, as envisioned by those artists. Their depictions give evidence of their limitless creativity and great attention to detail.

A Royal Owner

The Atlas Miller was commissioned by King Manuel I of Portugal. The king set no financial limits on the cartographers and artists who produced the work. It is assumed that it was meant as a gift for the knight-king Francois I of France. The valuable work was acquired by the French National Library in Paris in 1897. It was formerly in the possession of the librarian Bénigne Emmanuel Clement Miller, from whom its present name originates.


Alternative Titles
Atlante Miller
Size / Format
8 maps / 6 maps: 59.0 × 41.5 cm 2 maps: 117.0 x 61.0 cm
6 parchment leaves: 8 maps measuring 59.0 x 41.5 cm and 2 maps measuring 117.0 x 61.0 cm
King Manuel I of Portugal (1469–1521)
Artist / School

Available facsimile editions:
Atlas Miller – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France) Facsimile Edition
M. Moleiro Editor – Barcelona, 2004
Limited Edition: 987 copies
Detail Picture

Atlas Miller


Although the Brazilian coastline is crammed with the names of various settlements and harbors, the vast unknown interior is left to the artist’s imagination. The artist has utilized countless shades of green to create a lush and verdant landscape. Aside from people, there are red and blue birds flying and perching in trees, crouching monkeys, and even a green dragon. Hunters with bows and arrows are shown dressed in colorful feathers while naked laborers collect and chop firewood.

Atlas Miller
Single Page

Atlas Miller

The Indian Ocean

This splendid double-page map artfully depicts the lands surrounding the Indian Ocean, which is teaming with ships whose sails carry both the cross of Christian merchants and the crescent moons of their Muslim colleagues. Many small islands are depicted with red and blue ink as well as gold and silver leaf. The Portuguese flag and coat of arms can be seen all over the map.

The eastern tip of Africa features a man riding on horseback at a gallop, the Arabian Peninsula shows a man dressed in blue with sword and shield, and India has bare-chested warriors with horned pink helmets. Various exotic animals including camels, a lion, a rhinoceros, and elephants are shown walking among palm forests, mountains, and important cities with tall towers.

Atlas Miller
Facsimile Editions

#1 Atlas Miller

M. Moleiro Editor – Barcelona, 2004

Publisher: M. Moleiro Editor – Barcelona, 2004
Limited Edition: 987 copies
Commentary: 1 volume (432 pages) by Alfredo Pinheiro Marques, Luís Filipe Thomaz, Alfredo Pinheiro Marques and Bernardo Sá Nogueira
Language: Spanish
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: €€ (1,000€ - 3,000€)
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