On the way to being a maritime world power: the first of Portugal's amazingly realistic nautical charts

Portulan C.G.A.5.c

Portugal — 1472–1482

Portulan C.G.A.5.c

Portulan C.G.A.5.c

Portugal — 1472–1482

  1. An anonymous cartographer made the first of the astoundingly realistic nautical maps of Portugal

  2. The map displays the discoveries made along the African coast under the Portuguese flag

  3. It is also a testimony to the remarkable development of Portugal and Portuguese seafaring during the Renaissance

Portulan C.G.A.5.c

Alternative Titles:
  • Portolano GCA5c
  • Portolan map C.G.A.5.c
  • Portolan-Karte C.G.A.5.c
Portulan C.G.A.5.c – C.G.A.5.c – Biblioteca Estense Universitaria (Modena, Italy)
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

Portulan C.G.A.5.c was made by an anonymous Portuguese cartographer between 1472 and 1482. It is the earliest example of the astoundingly realistic nautical maps of Portugal. The map displays the discoveries made along the African coast under the Portuguese flag. The flourishing cities of Lisbon and Ceuta were emphasized in particular.

Portulan C.G.A.5.c

Portugal has played a special role in the history of cartography. Portuguese explorers set out into all of the lands and seas of the world and opened up completely unknown regions. In the course of this pioneering work, arguably the most important cartography schools of the European Renaissance developed in Portugal. Some of the most important historical works of the 15th century, which served as a cornerstone for our modern geography and navigation, had their origin here. Portulan C.G.A.5.c is the earliest example of a Portuguese nautical map. It displays discoveries on the coast of Africa by Fernando Gomes in the years 1471–2.

What is a Portulan?

The term portulan or portolan originally indicated a book with nautical information such as landmarks, lighthouses, currents, and harbor conditions. According to historical sources, such sea-books already existed in the 13th century. Beginning in the 16th century, the term broadened and from then on comprised not only the written descriptions, but also the accompanying nautical maps, which were contained in books. Today, the term “portulan chart” indicate a very precise type of map. The map Portulan C.G.A.5.c is one of these special maps.

The Geography of the Middle Ages

It is not known who exactly is responsible for the creation of Portulan C.G.A.5.c, but its formation period has been dated between 1472 and 1483. This is based on the special emphasis on the cities of Lisbon and Ceuta, which enjoyed a blossoming of trade and culture during this time. The faithfully detailed and geographically correct map demonstrates how astounding the knowledge of Portuguese cartographers was during the Renaissance. He managed to create maps completely without modern technical aids that are still of importance for our modern navigation today.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Portolano GCA5c
Portolan map C.G.A.5.c
Portolan-Karte C.G.A.5.c
Size / Format
1 map / 60.0 x 73.0 cm
Origin
Portugal
Date
1472–1482

3 available facsimile edition(s) of „Portulan C.G.A.5.c“

Portolano C.G.A.5.c (map in tube)
Portulan C.G.A.5.c – C.G.A.5.c – Biblioteca Estense Universitaria (Modena, Italy)
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Portolano C.G.A.5.c (map in tube)

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Il Bulino, edizioni d'arte – Modena, 2002
Commentary
1 volume
Language: Italian
More Information
Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: € (under 1,000€)
Edition available
Price: Login here!
Portolani (set of 3 maps in tube, includes C.G.A.5.c)
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Portolani (set of 3 maps in tube, includes C.G.A.5.c)

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Il Bulino, edizioni d'arte – Modena, 2002
Commentary
1 volumeLanguage: Italian
More Information
3 maps in tube.
Portolani (set of 3 maps in deluxe wooden case, includes C.G.A.5.c)
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Portolani (set of 3 maps in deluxe wooden case, includes C.G.A.5.c)

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Il Bulino, edizioni d'arte – Modena, 2002
Binding
Walnut showcase and a wooden-bronze paperweight and a magnifier
Commentary
1 volumeLanguage: Italian
More Information
Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
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