The First Circumnavigation of the World (Collection)

The First Circumnavigation of the World (Collection) Facsimile Edition

Spain — Before 1522

The records of a historical project in the history of mankind: maps, letters, and other documents related to the first circumnavigation of the world by Magellan from archives and libraries all over Europe

  1. Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) attempted to sail around the world beginning in 1519

  2. After his death, Juan Sebastián Elcano (ca. 1476-1526) completed the voyage in 1522

  3. These documents, including splendid maps, give intimate insights into the famous expedition

The First Circumnavigation of the World (Collection)

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Description
The First Circumnavigation of the World (Collection)

The first circumnavigation of the globe was an ambitious project that would claim the life of the visionary who made it happen, Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521). Under the command of Juan Sebastián Elcano (ca. 1476–1526), his men would nonetheless complete his mission, which began with 270 men and five ships on September 20th, 1519 and ended on September 6th, 1522 with a single ship, the Victoria, returning to Spain with a skeleton crew of only 18 men who had endured incredible hardships in order to make history. The Age of Exploration began in earnest after this milestone of navigation was achieved and the race for trade routes to the riches of the East kicked was on. This historic voyage is attested to in the gorgeous maps and firsthand historical documents presented in the compendium at hand.

The First Circumnavigation of the World (Collection)

A journey that would change the history of the world: 270 men and five ships left Spain on September 20th, 1519 seeking a westward sea route around the globe. On September 6th, 1522 a single ship, the Victoria, returned with a skeleton crew of only 18 men who had endured incredible hardships in order to make history. Under the leadership of the Portuguese sea voyager Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521), they successfully completed the voyage even after Magellan’s death during the voyage. This historic voyage is attested to in the gorgeous maps and firsthand historical documents presented in the compendium at hand.

The Death of the Commander and a Happy Ending

With the discovery of the Straits of Magellan, a connection to the Pacific in South America, the first hurdle was cleared. In trying to find another way to the Spice Islands, Magellan was killed in battle in the modern Philippines. The undertaking was eventually completed successfully under Juan Sebastián Elcano (ca. 1476–1526). With a single ship – fully-loaded with spices – the expedition returned to Spain via the Portuguese route. Of the 270 men who originally set out on the onerous journey, only 18 men returned on the 7th of September 1522. This exciting chapter in world history – from its beginnings, to its tragic events, to its happy conclusion – can now be thoroughly studied with the help of the documents collected here!

Portulano de Jorge Reinel

Dated 1530, the world map in this collection shows Spanish carracks and Arabian tents, mountains, rivers, and detailed coastlines. It was created by Jorge Reinel (ca. 1502 – after 1572), a Portuguese cartographer and part of the group responsible for making the maps that would be used on Magellan’s expedition. The son of another famous cartographer, Pedro Reinel, Jorge went on to mentor many pupils himself including Diogo Ribeiro. The map in this collection represents the cutting edge of cartography in the early 16th century and is a gorgeous, imaginative fusion of art and science. This particular portolan chart is extremely accurate, possibly created with spherical trigonometry, and was useful for measuring the distance between Seville and the Maluccas, also known as the Spice Islands for their plentiful nutmeg, cloves, and other coveted seasonings. It artfully illustrates the route taken for the first circumnavigation of the globe and was created to commemorate the achievement, of which Jorge Reinel had been a part by giving the navigators the tools they needed to find their way around the world.
The collection contains the following documents:

  1. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Ge AA-564 (RES) — Portulano de Jorge Reinel;
  2. Seville, Archivo General de Indias, Patronato, 34, r. 7 — Capitulaciones del Viaje;
  3. Seville, Archivo General de Indias, Patronato, 34, r. 2 — Carta de Magallanes al Rey Carlos I;
  4. Seville, Archivo General de Indias, Patronato, 34, r. 6 — Rol de la Armada;
  5. Seville, Archivo General de Indias, Patronato, 24, r. 11 — Memoria de las personas que fallecieron en la Armada;
  6. Seville, Archivo General de Indias, Patronato, 48, r. 20 — Carta de Elcano al Rey Carlos I;
  7. Archivo de la Torre de Laurgaín. Sección Laurgaín, legajo 15, nº 9 Euskadiko Artxibo Historikoa - Archivo Histórico de Euskadi; Fondos familiares — Carta de Elcano al Rey Carlos I.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
La Primera Vuelta al Mundo
Die erste Weltumsegelung
Origin
Spain
Date
Before 1522
Language
Content
Different maps and documents
Artist / School

Available facsimile editions:
The First Circumnavigation of the World (Collection) – CPL GE AA-564 (département Cartes et plans) – Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris, France) / Several Owners Facsimile Edition
Circulo Cientifico – Madrid, 2019
Limited Edition: 500 copies
Detail Picture

The First Circumnavigation of the World (Collection)

Shipwreck!

Although known today as the Cape of Good Hope, the southern tip of Africa has had other, more appropriately descriptive names for the treacherous, shark-infested waters that connect the Atlantic and Indian Oceans including the Cabo das Tormentas or “Cape of Storms”. This shipwreck is depicted in these dangerous waters: its main mast has snapped with its ragged sail fluttering in the wind and the ship itself appears to have been broken into two pieces, perhaps after striking a rock.

La Primera Vuelta al Mundo
Single Page

The First Circumnavigation of the World (Collection)

Portulano de Jorge Reinel

This world map from the year 1519 is attributed to the Portuguese cartographer Jorge Reinel, who was active in Seville at the time. Aside from typical geographic features and various sailing ships, it contains numerous legends in Latin and the location of the Molucca Islands in the far west, which indicates that this is one of the maps used by Magellan to convince the Spanish crown to support his expedition.

It is also believed that Magellan gave King Charles I of Spain (the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V) a painted globe that corresponds to this magnificent portolan chart. The original map went missing from the Bayerische Armeebibliothek in Munich sometime during World War II and today only a copy made by Otto Progel in 1836 survives.

La Primera Vuelta al Mundo
Facsimile Editions

#1 La Primera Vuelta al Mundo

Circulo Cientifico – Madrid, 2019

Publisher: Circulo Cientifico – Madrid, 2019
Limited Edition: 500 copies
Commentary: 1 volume
Language: Spanish
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size) Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: €€ (1,000€ - 3,000€)
Edition available
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