A beautiful book of hours with scenes of inter alia historical events, jousting tournaments, and ships being loaded in the harbor

Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans

Rennes, Bourges and Paris (France) — Around 1426-1430; Some elements added around 1450

Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans

Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans

Rennes, Bourges and Paris (France) — Around 1426-1430; Some elements added around 1450

  1. A codex of the most magnificent miniatures worthy of a member of the French royal family

  2. 41 miniatures and 24 calendar medallions with labors of the month offer a glimpse of 15th century life

  3. Historical events, jousting knights, devout pilgrims, and ships being unloaded in a harbor are depicted

Stundenbuch der Margarete von Orléans

Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans

The Grape Harvest

One of the finest features of this manuscript is its extraordinary marginalia, which in this case shows diminutive farmers harvesting oversized bunches of grapes, which they collect in baskets and then pour into wide barrels for crushing. Huge songbirds and snails can be seen among the leaves, some of which are changing colors with the season. The artist has presented this on the same page as an Annunciation scene to metaphorically imply that the harvest of Salvation is also nigh.

Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans

Alternative Titles:
  • Les Heures de Marguerite d′Orléans
  • Libro d'ore di Margherita d'Orleans
  • Stundenbuch der Margarete von Orléans
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

The Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans originates from around 1426 and was produced by a court illuminator who was known as the “Master of Marguerite d’Orléans.” The magnificent example contains some of the most beautiful miniatures of its epoch and is embroidered by its decorative borders which frame the pages. Contemporary scenes of medieval life are presented in never before seen variety and narrative delight.

Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans

Books of hours are private prayer- and devotional books for the laity. The name correlates to the time of day or the particular hour of the day, at which time one should pray. In the Late Middle Ages, books of hours were especially beloved among the French nobility and were quite common. A prominent work of this kind is the Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans, a magnificent codex that was begun around 1426 and was finished around 1450. Its fame continues to this day. The Masterwork contains 420 pages with 41 luminously colored miniatures, framed with borders that present historical events. Furthermore, there are 24 calendar medallions in gold frames. The work offers a artistically valuable overview of life in the 15th century.

A Personal Work for the Book Aficionado

Marguerite d’Orléans is the granddaughter of King Charles V and the great niece of Duke Jean de Berry. Both members of the French high nobility were known lovers of art and collectors of books and founded with their collections of books the modern French National Library. Marguerite had her private book of hours created by her personal illuminator, who was known after this masterpiece as the “Master of Marguerite d’Orléans.” Later she had it augmented with contemporary decorative elements by Étienne Sauderat, an illuminator from the milieu of the Bedford masters. The personal character of the codex is highlighted by numerous depictions of the monogram and the alliance coat-of-arms of Margeurite and her husband Richard d´Etampes. He was the Duke of Brittany and was probably the official commissioner of the book of hours.

A Pioneering Master of Illumination

The Master of Marguerite d’Orléans was very likely a student of the highly respected master Boucicaut. His configuration of the excellent book of hours for his commissioner was guided by its incomparable style of painting. The master was also influenced by the famous Limburg brothers for his work. The master, who before his work specialized more in works of secular literature, combined ancient sagas and legends with contemporary events. Thus he created an expansive work that had influence beyond French borders, which it holds to this day.

The Entire Medieval World in one Book

The Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans is a milestone of the Middle Ages. 41 gaily colored and sometimes gold decorated miniatures show depictions of the saints and scenes from the New Testament. The borders, which frame the pages of the book, depict an abundance of historical events from every time period and are counted among the most beautiful book decorations of its epoch. They present medieval life in diverse ways, they show knights in tournaments and battles, pilgrims on their strenuous journey to Santiago de Compostela, or simple everyday actions such as the loading and unloading of ships in a harbor. The elaborately worked Moroccan leather binding was added by the book binder of Louis XV. Consequently the masterly book of hours received an appropriate receptacle.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Les Heures de Marguerite d′Orléans
Libro d'ore di Margherita d'Orleans
Stundenbuch der Margarete von Orléans
Size / Format
420 pages / 20.7 x 15.0 cm
Date
Around 1426-1430; Some elements added around 1450
Style
Gothic
Language
Illustrations
41 miniatures, 24 calendar medallions framed in gold and 42 historicized borders
Artist / School
Previous Owners
Stundenbuch der Margarete von Orléans

Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans

Flight into Egypt and Massacre of the Innocents

Here we have a fairly archetypal late-medieval portrayal of the Holy Family’s escape from the soldiers of King Herod, who are massacring all children in the area in the hope of killing the newborn Messiah. The event spurring their flight is depicted in the bas-de-page miniature, wherein a soldier is about to strike a child with a sword.

In the primary miniature, Joseph leads a donkey carrying the Madonna with Child in front of a distant landscape. Joseph looks warily over his shoulder for danger, while Mary hangs her head in sorrow for those who became the first Christian martyrs. The frame includes gilded tendrils, birds, a patterned initial of red, blue, and gold, two drolleries holding the patron’s standards, and some kind of amphibian.

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans“

Stundenbuch der Margarete von Orléans
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
Book of Hours of Marguerite d’Orléans – Ms. latin 1156B – Bibliothèque Nationale de France (Paris, France)
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Stundenbuch der Margarete von Orléans

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Quaternio Verlag Luzern – Luzern, 2013
Limited Edition
680 copies
Binding
Leather mosaic binding (replicat of the eighteenth-century binding). Small sections of brown and olive-coloured leather are integrated into the red morocco leather.
Commentary
1 volume by Eberhard König and Christine Seidel
Languages: English, German
Price Category: €€€
Edition available
Price: Login here!
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