70 golden miniatures and enrobed with 12 masterful ivory plates: a unique treasure of Ottonian illumination

Salzburg Pericopes

Monastery of St. Peter, Salzburg (Austria) — Around 1020

Salzburg Pericopes

Salzburg Pericopes

Monastery of St. Peter, Salzburg (Austria) — Around 1020

  1. This splendid work is counted among the most impressive examples of Ottonian book art

  2. The 70 golden miniatures show influences from the Byzantine, Lombard, and Regensburg schools of painting ca. 1000

  3. The luxury binding is adorned by 12 masterfully crafted ivory plates that retell the story of Jesus

Salzburger Perikopenbuch (De Luxe Edition)

Salzburg Pericopes

King Herod

In the Book of Matthew, it tells how the Magi came out of the East and asked King Herod where they might find the King of the Jews, arousing Herod’s paranoia that there was a threat to his reign. Joseph was warned in a dream of the coming Massacre of the Innocents and the Holy Family sought safety in Egypt until Herod died. Behind the walls of a castle and dressed in the style of an Ottonian monarch, the King of Judea is shown surrounded by his priests, advisors, and scribes.

Salzburg Pericopes

Alternative Titles:
  • Salzburger Perikopenbuch
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

The Salzburg Pericopes is counted among the most impressive examples of Ottonian book art. Originating from the important scriptorium of St. Peter’s Abbey in Salzburg at the time of Emperor Henry II, it amazes to this day with its opulently artistic furnishings with gold. In the masterful miniatures from a variety of hands a variety of various stylistic influences – Byzantine, Lombard, and the Regensburg illumination in particular that was then in its golden age – find expression.

Salzburg Pericopes

The Salzburg Pericopes stands in the tradition of Ottonian book art and in a row with the most important manuscripts of European illumination. It originated in the scriptorium of St. Peter’s Abbey in Salzburg at the time of Emperor Henry II and amazes to this day with its opulently artistic furnishings with gold. A variety of stylistic influences find expression in the masterful miniatures.

An Ostentatious Clerical Commission

Unlike the many magnificent manuscripts that originated from sovereign-commissioned works, the Salzburg Pericopes itself probably was a commission from the ranks of the clergy: for Hartwig von Ortenburg, Archbishop of Salzburg. A pericopes, with readings from the gospels for church festivals, was used for the solemn masses in the cathedral on high holidays. In terms of splendor and configuration, the Salzburg Pericopes is second to no other Ottonian manuscripts. It was taken to Paris in the 19th century as a spoil of war but nevertheless returned after the end of the Napoleonic rule, and so became a highlight of the manuscript collection of the Bavarian State Library in Munich, where it is housed today.

An Impressive Example of Salzburg Illumination

For the design of the Pericopes, the scriptorium of St. Peter’s Abbey in Salzburg, the oldest monastery in the German-speaking world, offered the archbishop everything of artistic value that it had to offer. Many artistic movements met one another in Salzburg, combining the best aspects in the work on the Salzburg Pericopes. Various different hands, which can be differentiated from one another by the miniatures and decorative initials, bespeak influences from Byzantine, Lombard, and western European illumination. Particularly noticeable is the stylistic affinity to the highly-prized book art of Regensburg with its bright color palette and characteristic head types. The 19 sometimes full-page miniatures, both the decorative pages and pictures of the Evangelists as well as the cycles of scenes from the New Testament, impress through their strict and exact composition. Complicated architectural borders surround elaborately composed scenes, which focus on the essentials, but nevertheless spare no decorative elements. The design of the backgrounds for the pictures with large gold surfaces is another prominent feature. The various artists working on the miniatures – all of them masters of their craft – slipped their own pictorial inventions in the design. So a completely new composition was sought for the famous depiction of the Storm on the Sea of Galilee, which simultaneously shows the storm and the calm afterward and amazes in its sophisticated simplicity.

A Splendid General Impression

Not only the miniatures, but also the numerous small and large initials contribute to the valuable artistic adornment of the Salzburg Pericopes. In particular the 70 embellished initials, partly adorned with gold, are second to none. The sumptuous general impression of the manuscript is completed through the binding of red leather, the front cover of which is adorned with 12 small ivory plates. These works of art are the product of southern French or northern Spanish works from the 11th century, therefore they fit chronologically with the Pericopes.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Salzburger Perikopenbuch
Size / Format
140 pages / 37.2 x 29.0 cm
Date
Around 1020
Language
Illustrations
19 miniatures, ca. 70 decorated initials
Salzburger Perikopenbuch (De Luxe Edition)

Salzburg Pericopes

Presentation of Jesus in the Temple

One of the events in the early life of Jesus is commonly depicted in art as a combination of Judaism’s purification rite with the ceremony of the redemption of the firstborn. The Virgin Mary presents Jesus to Simeon, the high priest, and the prophetess Hannah, while Joseph stands back holding a brace of doves in his hands.

A characteristically Ottonian scene: sober figures with dramatic gestures and glances silhouetted against a burnished gold background, framed by a classical architecture and wearing togas, all in bright, elevated primary colors. The great arch and flowering bushes indicate they are being greeted at the temple’s entrance. Finally, the halos of the Virgin Mary and the baby Jesus are rendered in silver leaf to contrast with the background.

2 available facsimile edition(s) of „Salzburg Pericopes“

Salzburger Perikopenbuch (De Luxe Edition)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
Salzburg Pericopes – Clm 15713 – Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich, Germany)
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Salzburger Perikopenbuch (De Luxe Edition)

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Faksimile Verlag – Luzern, 1997
Limited Edition
180 copies (De Luxe Edition)
Binding
The De Luxe Edition includes replicas of the twelve magnificent ivory tablets in a faithful reproduction of the original binding in dark red kidskin with metal clasps.
Commentary
1 volume (176 pages) by Hermann Fillitz, Heinrich Dopsch, Hermann Hauke, Ulrich Kuder, Martina Pippal and Peter Wind
Language: German
Price Category: €€€
Edition available
Price: Login here!
Salzburger Perikopenbuch (Standard Edition)
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Salzburger Perikopenbuch (Standard Edition)

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Faksimile Verlag – Luzern, 1997
Limited Edition
480 copies (De Luxe Edition)
Binding
The Standard Edition comes in a precious dark-red kidskin binding with sumptuous embossings and clasps.
Commentary
1 volume (176 pages) by Hermann Fillitz, Heinrich Dopsch, Hermann Hauke, Ulrich Kuder, Martina Pippal and Peter Wind
Language: German
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