Created in Monte Cassino: a magnificently illuminated scroll with the prayers for the Easter Mass

Scroll Exultet

Benevento or Montecassino (Italy) — 9th century

Scroll Exultet

Scroll Exultet

Benevento or Montecassino (Italy) — 9th century

  1. This rare scroll is counted among the most beautiful Romanesque manuscripts

  2. A solemn hymn of praise for the Easter mass with bright colors and gold leaf

  3. Created in the world famous Monte Cassino Abbey, one of the most important cultural centers in medieval Europe

Rotolo Exultet

Scroll Exultet

Madonna and Child

Looking directly at the beholder with rosy cheeks and a serene expression on her face, the Virgin Mary holds the baby Jesus in her lap as she sits on a golden throne. They are flanked by colorful angels who float on either side of mother and child; all four figures have golden halos. The background has been reduced to a simple blue and green with a horizon point in the middle. Close attention has been paid to the garments’ fall of folds, particularly the hood framing Mary’s face.

Scroll Exultet

Alternative Titles:
  • Rotolo Exultet
  • Exultet-Rolle
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

This Scroll Exultet is one of the most beautiful masterpieces of this special genre. It was made in southern Italy between 981 and 987. The rare scroll is counted among the most beautiful illuminated Romanesque manuscripts. The work contains the text and melody of the Exultet, a solemn hymn of praise for the Easter mass. Golden decorative initials and colored illustrations with gold leaf embellish the manuscript.

Scroll Exultet

The Exultet is the ceremonial hymn of praise sung during the Christian liturgy of the celebration of the Easter vigil. In it, Christ is praised as the light of the world and his resurrection is placed in connection with the divine plan of salvation as revealed in the Old Testament. A few extremely rare scrolls containing the text and melody of the Exultet originated between the 10th and 13th centuries. A particularly precious specimen of these is the Scroll Exultet at hand. The work originated between 981 and 987, most likely in Montecassino Abbey, which developed in the course of time into one of the leading centers of culture in Italy. Ten fascinating miniatures illustrate the hymn of praise. The script is embellished with 23 golden decorative initials.

Rare Documents

Exultet scrolls originated from southern Italy, most of them were written and illustrated in the Montecassino Abbey. The format of the scrolls was chosen intentionally, although manuscripts had been recorded in the form of codices since the 4th century. The Exultet was read aloud from the so-called ambo, an architectural idiosyncrasy of Italian churches. The ambo was a raised position for a speaker that was replaced by the pulpit in later church construction. The priest could read from the Exultet in his position and lower it from the ambo, so that those attending mass could see the beautifully designed scrolls.

Masterpieces of their Time

The Scroll Exultet before us contains some of the most beautiful Romanesque miniatures. The fresh and unadulterated depictions show influences of Byzantine and Ottonian illumination. Vivid colors and the application of the finest gold lend expressiveness to the images. The scenes, which are sung during the Easter service, are illustrated with impressive simplicity. One of the most important festivals of the Christian church was appropriately honored in this precious document.

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Rotolo Exultet
Exultet-Rolle
Size / Format
1 roll / 685.0 x 23.0 cm
Date
9th century
Language
Script
Lower-case Beneventan script
Illustrations
All 10 parts of the scroll are illustrated
Rotolo Exultet

Scroll Exultet

Crucifixion and Christ in Majesty

In the upper-register, Christ is shown crucified on a gold leaf cross flanked by the Virgin Mary and Saint John the Evangelist. The sun and moon flank the cross representing the eclipse that occurred at the moment of his death, the so-called “Crucifixion Darkness”, the nature of this darkening is unclear between the accounts in Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

The lower-register shows an unusual depiction of Christ in majesty with the mandorla – the almond shaped fame – is itself additionally framed by intricate interlace patterns. Christ sits enthroned, his right hand is extended in the sign of benediction while his left holds an open book. It forms an “M” initials, a reference to the phrase Maiestas Domini, with dragon heads at its feet.

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Scroll Exultet“

Rotolo Exultet
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
Scroll Exultet – Cas. 724/III – Biblioteca Casanatense (Rome, Italy)
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Rotolo Exultet

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Priuli & Verlucca, editori – Scarmagno, 1994
Limited Edition
500 copies
Binding
In order to render the original structure of the scroll, the individual sections (reproduced in authentic facsimile reprint on parchment-like art paper especially manufactured by the mill in nine colours plus gilding, and with all the original flaws and fraying) have been reassembled like the original, and the rolled-up scroll comes in an elegant slipcase that also contains the commentary
Commentary
1 volume by Beat Brenk and Guglielmo Cavallo
Languages: English, Italian
More Information
Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: €€ (1,000€ - 3,000€)
Edition available
Price: Login here!
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