Composed in Vienna: the melody of the German national anthem

Joseph Haydn – Gott! Erhalte Franz den Kaiser

Vienna (Austria) — 1797

Joseph Haydn – Gott! Erhalte Franz den Kaiser

Joseph Haydn – Gott! Erhalte Franz den Kaiser

Vienna (Austria) — 1797

  1. The music of Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) played a significant role for the monarchies of Austria, Germany, and England

  2. This hymn was the Austrian national anthem for 140 years and is still the melody of the German anthem

  3. Haydn composed the imperial melody at his home in the first borough of Vienna from 1796 to 1797

Joseph Haydn – Gott! Erhalte Franz den Kaiser

Joseph Haydn – Gott! Erhalte Franz den Kaiser – Mus. Hs. 16.501 – Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (Vienna, Austria)
Imageof
Regular price without login (like new)185 €
Login for a Better Price!
  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

Joseph Haydn was one of the greatest composers of all time, and played a significant role for the monarchies of Austria, Germany, and England due to his compositions. One of the most significant and longest lasting contributions to musical history made by Haydn is the hymn "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser", which was the national anthem of Austrian for 140 years and still forms the melody of the modern anthem of the Republic of Germany. The various original documents critical to its developed have been reproduced in an outstanding facsimile edition. These originals by Joseph Haydn represent not only an important part of musical history but also that of Austrian history and are therefore one of the most precious treasures of the Austrian National Library.

Joseph Haydn – Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser

Two hundred years after the death of Joseph Haydn, one of his most famous and historically significant works appears in the form of an outstanding facsimile edition, produced with such high quality that it cannot be differentiated from Haydns own original work: Joseph Haydn's hymn: “Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser”. It is a melody which, excluding a short pause in history, was the national hymn of Austria for over 140 years and still lives on today as the national hymn of the Federal Republic of Germany. These originals by Joseph Haydn represent not only an important part of musical history but also that of Austrian history and are therefore one of the most precious treasures of the Austrian National Library. The manuscript Hs. 16.501 from the musical collection of the Austrian National Library is an anthology of different Haydn original works including the old hymn of the emperor “Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser”, a melody which was, except for a short pause in history, the national hymn of Austria for the last 140 years and still today lives on as the national hymn of the Federal Republic of Germany.

An Important Compendium from a Master Composer

Haydn composed the imperial melody between the middle of October 1796 and January of 1797 at his home named “for the seven Swabians”, which was located in the Flour Market, today known as the New Market in the first borough of Vienna. “Gott erhalte” was, according to the text by Lorenz Leopold Haschka, sung for the first time on February 12th 1797 in Vienna in honor of Emperor Franz.
Contents:
• First written record of the melody
• First written record of the final melody for piano
• Complete score for both song and orchestra
• The four variations of this melody for string quartet Hob.III:77 (“Emperor's Quartet”)
• The first printing of the hymn from 1797
There is a special charm upon opening the book: yellowed paper with darkened corners from repeated turning of the pages. Due to the different size of the pages within, it is apparent that this work was written at various times on individual pages and later bound together into a book. Amongst the musical bars are additional notes, which are loosely sketched in, as well as explanatory comments and text in brown ink – giving the facsimile a truly authentic feel.

Codicology

Size / Format
26 pages / 31.5 x 22.7 cm
Date
1797
Genre
Artist / School

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Joseph Haydn – Gott! Erhalte Franz den Kaiser“

Joseph Haydn: "Gott! erhalte Franz den Kaiser"
Joseph Haydn – Gott! Erhalte Franz den Kaiser – Mus. Hs. 16.501 – Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (Vienna, Austria)
Imageof

Joseph Haydn: "Gott! erhalte Franz den Kaiser"

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt (ADEVA) – Graz, 2008
Binding
Hand-trimmed leaves according to the original. Facsimile and Commentary in a box.
Commentary
1 volume (24 pages) by Günter Brosche
Language: German

26 pages with five illustrations as well as zinco reproductions of
watermarks.
Details
1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Regular price without login (like new)185 €
Login for a Better Price!
  1. Matching Works
  2. Matching Background Articles

Matching Works

Dancing Book of Margaret of Austria

Dancing Book of Margaret of Austria

Gold and silver musical notation for Emperor Maximilian's wife: one of only seven surviving medieval manuscripts from the Middle Ages made entirely of black parchment

Experience More
Mondsee-Vienna music manuscript

Mondsee-Vienna music manuscript

A primary work of German secular polyphony: 100 songs by famous composers such as Hermann von Salzburg or Heinrich von Mügeln

Experience More

Matching Background Articles

Publisher