The beginnings of modern tourism: a living 19th Century image of the Alhambra by John Frederick

Prints of the Alhambra

19th century

Prints of the Alhambra

Prints of the Alhambra

— 19th century

  1. In 1833, the British painter John Frederick (1804–76) published his paintings of the Alhambra in Granada

  2. The album gives a living image of the Alhambra in the 19th century and the British fascination with Spain

  3. This collection of lithographs is also a testament to the genesis of modern tourism in the 19th century

Grabados de la Alhambra

Prints of the Alhambra

View of the Alhambra

Originally constructed as a small fortress in the year 899, the Alhambra was expanded into a grand citadel in the mid-13th century and then converted into a royal palace in the 14th century. After falling to the Spaniards in 1492, it became the royal court of Ferdinand and Isabella, the place where the voyage of Christopher Columbus was commissioned, and the site for an imperial palace built by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Its formidable defenses are depicted here from one of the towns below.

Prints of the Alhambra

Alternative Titles:
  • Grabados de la Alhambra
  • Zeichnungen der Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
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  1. Short Description
  2. Codicology

Short Description

The famous Alhambra in Spanish Grenada enchants people to this day with its exotic history and marvelous architecture. Already in the 19th century, the Alhambra encouraged swarms of tourists and the dreams of those who wished they could travel. One man who significantly encouraged this yearning for the Alhambra was the British painter John Frederick, who can be considered a true 19th century globetrotter and can be ascribed to the Orientalist movement. With his album Sketches and Drawings of the Alhambra, published in 1833 and consisting of numerous lithographs of his paintings, he created a bestseller. Six sheets of this exotic visual world offer an inside view of the Alhambra from a 19th century perspective.

Prints of the Alhambra

The famous Alhambra in Spanish Grenada enchants people to this day with its exotic history and marvelous architecture. Already in the 19th century, the Alhambra encouraged swarms of tourists and the dreams of those who wished they could travel. One man who significantly encouraged this yearning for the Alhambra was the British painter John Frederick, who can be considered a true 19th century globetrotter and can be ascribed to the Orientalist movement. With his album Sketches and Drawings of the Alhambra, published in 1833 and consisting of numerous lithographs of his paintings, he created a bestseller. Six sheets of this exotic visual world offer an inside view of the Alhambra from a 19th century perspective.

A British Globetrotter

John Frederick Lewis (1805–1876) is known as an important British painter and artist of the 19th century. His works are stored today in the Tate and other important British collections. Lewis undertook numerous additional journeys and extended stays abroad. The artist spent ten years in Egypt, inter alia. However, he also found artistic inspiration for his artistic creativity in Italy, Spain, and other parts of the world. With his pictures of the exotic and foreign worlds that he encountered on his travels, Lewis was close to the Orientalist movement.

The Sketches of the Alhambra

The 19th century shaped the romantic image of many corners of the Earth. The enthusiasm for exotic and foreign worlds finds particular expression in Romanticism, and here in Orientalism in particular. These tendencies simultaneously fostered the beginning of tourism and British interest in Spain awoke in the 1830’s. John Frederick Lewis undertook a Spanish sojourn in the years 1832-4. He prepared his impressions of this trip in paintings, which in turn served as a templates for his lithography portfolio with the original title of Sketches and Drawings of the Alhambra, made during a Residence in Granada, in the Years 1833-4. Drawn on Stone by J.D. Harding, R.J. Lane, A.R.A, W. Gauci & John F. Lewis.

The Alhambra in Artful Lithographs

Six sheets from this portfolio give an inside look into the effect that this work had in Great Britain. The Alhambra with the Moorish architecture of the fortress in the hills above Grenada, the exuberant, artful Mozarabic ornamentation is still impressive today and sets the mood of this place: the lithographs show both interior views as well as depictions of the city on the rocks. An impressive gate or interior courtyards with idyllic water fountains adorn another page. The scenes are each furnished with detailed and tender decorative figures, respectively. The album gives a living image of the Alhambra in the 19th century. The charm of this location, which continues to attract countless tourists to Grenada today, is made clear in these magnificent works of art!

Codicology

Alternative Titles
Grabados de la Alhambra
Zeichnungen der Alhambra
Date
19th century
Artist / School
Grabados de la Alhambra

Prints of the Alhambra

Patio de los Leones

The divine Court of the Lions lies as the heart of the Alhambra, Granada’s famous Moorish citadel consisting of palaces, gardens, and fortifications, which was constructed between 1362 and 1391 at the behest of Sultan Muhammed V. It is one of Spain’s greatest architectural monuments, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, beloved tourist attraction, and has inspired artists for centuries.

Designed as an architectural allegory for Paradise, the gardens, water features, and columns form conceptual unity, with the irregularly spaced columns representing the palm trees surrounding an oasis. Wealthy Europeans making a grand tour are pictured strolling through this idyllic scene, and in the background the famous 11th century Lion Fountain can be seen.

1 available facsimile edition(s) of „Prints of the Alhambra“

Grabados de la Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
Prints of the Alhambra
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Grabados de la Alhambra

1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document (extent, color and size)
Publisher
Testimonio Compañía Editorial – Madrid, 2012
Binding
Folder with 6 sheets
More Information
Reproduction of the entire original document as detailed as possible (scope, format, colors). The binding may not correspond to the original or current document binding.
Price Category: € (under 1,000€)
Edition available
Price: Login here!
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